Articles with tag: «diabetes mellitus»

    Population and healthcare

    Diabetes mellitus among children is one of the urgent health problems due to high morbidity and disability.
    Objective – establishing the main trends in the incidence of children.
    Materials and methods. A statistical analysis of the data of reporting forms of federal statistical observation No. 12 “Information on the number of diseases registered in patients living in the service area of a medical organization” for the period from 2014 to 2018 was carried out.
    Results. During the analyzed period, the incidence of diabetes mellitus in the Russian Federation among children aged 0–17 years increased by 28,1%. In dynamics for 2014–2018 the primary incidence of diabetes among children aged 0–17 years in the Russian Federation increased by 15,5%. In 94,9% of cases of diabetes in children account for type I diabetes. In dynamics for 2014–2018 it grew by 26,2%.
    Conclusion. The results of the analysis of diabetes mellitus among children indicate the need for the development of primary prevention of type I in children and raising public awareness of a healthy lifestyle in children

    Authors: Golubev N. A. [6] Ogryzko E. V. [11] Liutsko V. V. [4] Shelepova E. A. [2]

    Tags: children9 diabetes mellitus4 general morbidity2 primary morbidity2

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  • 2022 № 8 The issue of age-related characteristics of the prevalence of diabetes mellitus among the population of various countries

    Without interventions to halt the rise in diabetes, it is believed that by 2045 there will be at least 629 million people living with diabetes in the world. Currently, four out of five people with diabetes, approximately 80% of the world’s 463 million, live in lowand middle-income countries, and the incidence of diabetes is increasing in poorer, marginalized, socioeconomically vulnerable and indigenous communities. The prevalence of type 2 diabetes with onset in youth, defined as diabetes diagnosed before the age of 25, is increasing worldwide. It should be noted that type 2 diabetes, which occurs at a young age, most often manifests itself in the second decade of life. There are about 652 thousand children with type 2 diabetes in the world. It is estimated that there will be around 41,600 new cases of diagnosed type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents worldwide in 2021. Along with the increase in the prevalence of diabetes among children and adolescents, there is an increase in the incidence of pre-diabetes preceding the development of type 2 diabetes. They found an 8% risk of progression from pre-diabetes to type 2 diabetes over a 3-year period, confirming the importance of interventions to reduce obesity, pre-diabetes, and insulin resistance.

    Authors: Mingazova E. N. [16] Mingazov R. N. [7] Valeev V. V. [2]

    Tags: adolescents1 age1 children9 countries of the world1 diabetes mellitus4 prevalence4 youth1

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  • Management in health care
  • 2016 № 1 Chronic complications of diabetes mellitus: specialized outpatient medical service organization and efficacy according to experts’ opinion survey

    Multidisciplinary outpatient care structures for patients with late complications of diabetes (diabetic foot, retinopathy, and somewhere – for diabetic nephropathy) were established in Russia since late 1990s. We conducted a survey of 22 experts from 12 regions of the Russian Federation for the analysis of the current state of specialized outpatient care for patients with these conditions, assess demand in this type of care and develop possible improvements. The necessity of outpatient diabetic foot clinics was obvious for 100% of the experts, of diabetic retinopathy consultative rooms – for 95%, of diabetic nephropathy consultative rooms – for 52%. Eighty five percent, 52% and 15% of the experts respectively reported about work of such outpatient structures in their regions. In all three fields lack of funding and lack of qualified personnel were pointed as the main barriers for establishment and development of such outpatient structures. The efficacy of patients treatment in outpatient diabetic foot clinics (where they work) was considered an effective by 47% of experts, in diabetic retinopathy consultative rooms – by 55%. In conclusion, (1) the demand in outpatient diabetic foot and diabetic retinopathy specialized structures is obvious, but is questionable with regard to diabetic nephropathy; (2) the performance of these service is not sufficiently high, which requires appealing of qualified specialists there (which is impossible without adequate funding), training of specialists and quality management; (3) we found evidence of inadequate availability of such specialized outpatient care for patients with diabetes, which requires increase of such offices number, and targeted referral of patients there from primary care physicians.

    Authors: Udovichenko O. V. [2] Berseneva E. A. [5] Meshkov D. O. [3]

    Tags: diabetes mellitus4 diabetic foot2 diabetic nephropathy2 diabetic retinopathy3 experts survey1 organization of outpatient care1

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  • Law
  • 2016 № 2 Analysis of the official regulation documents on organization of outpatient care for patients with chronic complications of diabetes mellitus

    Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a socially important chronic disease with the disabling and economically significant complications. Organization of specialized structures for interdisciplinary out-patient care for patients with chronic complications of diabetes (affecting kidneys, eyes, the lower extremities) is an important task. We analyzed existing National clinical expert recommendations and orders of Ministry of Health concerning standards of care for patients with DM and its complications. Conclusions are drawn on necessary development of the regulatory documentary base for out-patient multidisciplinary care for this kind of patients.

    Authors: Udovichenko O. V. [2] Berseneva E. A. [5] Meshkov D. O. [3]

    Tags: definitions2 diabetes mellitus4 diabetic foot2 diabetic nephropathy2 diabetic retinopathy3 legal base1 organization of care1 standard of care1

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