2021 № 4 DYNAMICS OF THE INCIDENCE OF DIABETES MELLITUS AMONG CHILDREN IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION FOR 2014–2018 YEARS
Diabetes mellitus among children is one of the urgent health problems due to high morbidity and disability.
Objective – establishing the main trends in the incidence of children.
Materials and methods. A statistical analysis of the data of reporting forms of federal statistical observation No. 12 “Information on the number of diseases registered in patients living in the service area of a medical organization” for the period from 2014 to 2018 was carried out.
Results. During the analyzed period, the incidence of diabetes mellitus in the Russian Federation among children aged 0–17 years increased by 28,1%. In dynamics for 2014–2018 the primary incidence of diabetes among children aged 0–17 years in the Russian Federation increased by 15,5%. In 94,9% of cases of diabetes in children account for type I diabetes. In dynamics for 2014–2018 it grew by 26,2%.
Conclusion. The results of the analysis of diabetes mellitus among children indicate the need for the development of primary prevention of type I in children and raising public awareness of a healthy lifestyle in children
2023 № 1 Medical and demographic indicators of the population older than working age in the conditions of pension reform in the Russian Federation
Purpose of the study. Based on the study of medical and demographic indicators and analysis of the incidence of the population, develop recommendations for the health protection of the population older than working age in the context of the transition to pension reform.
Materials and methods: sociological, statistical, direct observation. The materials of the Federal State Statistics Service and statistical materials of the TsNIIOIZ of the Ministry of Health of Russia for 2012–2021 were used.
Results. The mortality rate of the population older than working age in the Russian Federation (2020) amounted to 4408,1‰oo, the total population – 1460,2‰oo, in the federal districts of the Russian Federation the indicators fluctuated 1,2 times: from 3818,7‰oo in the North- Caucasian Federal District to 4638,6‰oo in the Volga Federal District, in the subjects of the Russian Federation the difference is 3 times. The indicator of primary morbidity of the studied contingent in the Russian Federation (2020) was 57041,4‰oo, in the Federal District the difference in indicators is 1,25 times, in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation – 3,9 times. The incidence of COVID‑19 in 2020 was 4373,9‰oo, in the Federal District the difference in indicators is 2,2 times, in the subjects of the Russian Federation it is large – 10,6 times, which allows us to conclude that the coding of COVID‑19 is ambiguous. Comparative analysis of the primary incidence of the study population by disease classes in 2019 and 2020 showed an increase in the indicator by 8,9% due to respiratory diseases by 40,8%, the incidence of COVID‑19 in 2020 was 4357,6‰oo. In all other classes, the indicators decreased as a result of a decrease in dispensary and preventive work. During the period of analysis in people older than working age, the increase in the primary morbidity rate is higher – 8,9% than in the total population – 5,7%, which indicates the need to strengthen dispensary and preventive work with the older population. The article gives recommendations on the health protection of the population older than working age.
2023 № 3 Analysis of the morbidity of a separate medical university students before and during the pandemic of the new coronavirus infection COVID-19
The study of the health of modern students is an urgent problem that requires a comprehensive and comprehensive analysis. With the beginning of the COVID-19 coronarovirus pandemic, isolated works devoted to the study of the morbidity of students have been published.
In this regard, the study of the morbidity of medical students during the pandemic of a new coronavirus infection is of great practical interest.
Purpose. To analyze the morbidity and structure in medical university students before and during the pandemic of a new coronavirus infection COVID-19.
Materials and methods. Students of the Smolensk State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation (SSMU) took part in a comprehensive study. Research bases -polyclinic, health center, serving university students. Sources of information in the study: reporting and accounting forms of a medical institution, a statistical coupon for registering final diagnoses and reporting documentation of healthcare organizations providing medical care to students. The analysis of morbidity was carried out according to the nomenclature, according to the “International Classification of Diseases, Injuries and Causes of Death X revision”.
Results. The analysis of the overall incidence showed its increase in the pre-pandemic period of the new coronavirus infection COVID-19, and in the first year of the pandemic - a significant decrease with a distinct increase in 2021. The level of primary morbidity in the first year of the pandemic decreased significantly, and in the second year it exceeded the values of primary morbidity, both before the pandemic and the first year of the pandemic. Analysis of the structure of morbidity by incidence, by classes of diseases showed that respiratory diseases were the most frequent among students both in the pre-pandemic and pandemic periods.
Conclusions. Thus, in the pre-pandemic period, there was an increase in both general and primary morbidity, as well as in all classes of diseases. Respiratory diseases were in the leading ranking place. In the first year of the pandemic, there was a decrease in the level of general, primary morbidity and the level of morbidity in almost all classes of diseases. In the second year of the pandemic, there was a significant increase in these indicators.
2023 № 2 Analysis of the incidence of the population older than working age in the Russian Federation and its regional features.
Objective assessment of the health status and medical care of the elderly in the context of progressive aging of the population is one of the leading health problems.
Purpose of the study. Based on the analysis of the medical and demographic situation and the incidence of the population, as well as the results of our own research, to give recommendations on the health protection of the population older than working age.
Research methods: statistical, sociological, expert assessments, direct observation. The forms of federal and sectoral statistical observation for 2018–2021 were analyzed. Results of sociological surveys of patients older than working age.
Results. Over the 10 years of analysis (2012–2021), the overall incidence rate of the entire population in Russia increased by 4,5%, the adult population – by 8,2% and the working-age population – by 1.3%, in children and adolescents the indicators decreased by 8,8 and 4,7%. The overall incidence of the population older than working age in 2021 in the Russian Federation was 209164‰00, which is 1.2 times higher than the total population (167714‰00). The difference in the general morbidity rates of the population older than working age in the federal districts of the Russian Federation was 1.3 times, in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation 2.3 times. 2020, there is a significant decline in the overall incidence rate in all age groups, which is associated with the COVID‑19 pandemic. The first detected incidence of the population older than working age (in 2021) amounted to 66183,5 per 100 thousand of the corresponding population, which is lower than the total population by 22,6% (85531,6‰00). The population older than working age has significantly higher rates of newly diagnosed morbidity than the entire population in the classes: diseases of the circulatory system by 103%, the indicators were 6191,7‰00, 3048,3‰00, respectively; neoplasms (by 66%), musculoskeletal and connective tissue (by 16%) and diseases of the endocrine system, eating disorders and metabolic disorders (by 15,6%). The results of the study should be taken into account for planning the volume
of preventive and dispensary work for people of older age groups. The article gives recommendations on the health protection of the population of pre-retirement and older working age using hospital-replacing technologies.
2014 № 9 Main morbidity trends of population of the Russian Federation in 2012–2013 (Federal Research Institute for Health Organization and Informatics of Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia)
There was conducted an analysis of dynamics of general and primary morbidity rates among Russian population in the period of 2012–2013 years. There was noticed an increase in the general morbidity rates of population in Russian Federation by 5,2% in 2013. The structure of general morbidity of population in Russian Federation hasn't changed significantly: the first place is taken by lung diseases, second — by diseases related to a blood circulation system, third — by diseases of a musculoskeletal system. The level of primary morbidity rates among the whole population of Russian Federation has increased by 0,8%. The structure of general morbidity among Russian population hasn't changed significantly: the first place is taken by lung diseases, second — by the injuries and intoxications, third — by diseases of genitourinary system.