2020 № 3 Population relation research to the healthy lifestyle (on the example of the fish and suburban region of Republic of Tatarstan)
One of the main tasks of modern health care is decrease in incidence and noninfectious diseases mortality of the population which are preventable at observance of a healthy lifestyle, early identification and timely effective treatment. Results of a sociological research of the relation to a healthy lifestyle on estimates of adult population of the Fish and Suburban Region of Republic of Tatarstan are presented in article. Purpose: reveal commitment of the population to a healthy lifestyle, investigate connection of a healthy lifestyle with presence of noninfectious diseases. The research is conducted on the basis of questionnaire by method of random check of adult population. 2346 respondents from 21 year to 74 years took part in questioning. Authors developed the questionnaire concerning commitment of the population to a healthy lifestyle and presence of noninfectious diseases.. The average physical activity among all respondents is slightly higher than 20%. The commitment to a healthy power supply in all groups does not exceed 25%. Respondents aged from 31 to 40 years are most committed to healthy nutrition. Among the polled respondents smoke 22.21%, regularly take alcohol of 0.2%. From among the respondents who noted presence of cardiovascular diseases of 98.6% monthly visit the doctor and regularly take medicines; with digestive tract diseases monthly visit the doctor of 16.3% and regularly take the drugs of 18.5% of respondents; from among respondents with diabetes regularly take the drugs and monthly visit the doctor of 100%. Analyzing data retrieveds, authors came to a conclusion that the commitment to a healthy lifestyle among the population does not exceed 30%. Results of questioning of the population can be used when developing the address program of treatment-and-prophylactic actions for forming of commitment to a healthy lifestyle for each age group.
2021 № 8 Concerning the process of forming motivation to a healthy lifestyle
The components of the concept of a healthy lifestyle, starting with the provisions presented in early sources, are considered from the standpoint of management. It was found that it is difficult to achieve the increase of the number of citizens leading a healthy lifestyle in the absence of clear criteria for the healthy lifestyle, since there is an objective difficulty in assessing the lifestyle of people. It is definitely necessary to formulate the basic principles for creating lists of criteria for healthy lifestyle in order to effectively motivate citizens for health-preserving behavior.
The need was identified to update and expand a number of modern lists that are used to obtain information that serves as the basis for making managerial decisions in the field of public health protection at the strategic level based on the analysis of the main existing lists of criteria for a healthy lifestyle. It is proposed to create an individual list of criteria for a healthy lifestyle by forming a low-variability part using the traditional approach, and a high-variability part using the personalized approach.
The formulated principles of compiling lists of criteria for a healthy lifestyle can be used in the system of motivating and stimulating citizens to health-preserving behavior, aimed at reducing the prevalence of known behavioral risk factors for diseases.
2019 № 8 Health condition of a rural population living in different areas of medical aid accessibility
The problem of preserving the health of the rural population is key in the concept of the development of
rural society. Health issues of rural residents are of great social, political and economic importance. Promising areas for
preserving and improving the health of the rural population are raising the level and quality of life of the rural population.
Research methods: statistical, direct observation, sociological. In the course of the study, the analysis of the reporting data of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation (Form No. 47) was conducted, as well as the results of copying information from primary medical documentation in the pilot territory of the Orenburg Region.The results of the study indicate the need to improve the improvement of organizational forms of providing medical care to rural residents, intensify preventive and dispensary work in the village, and involve medical and social services in the village. The determining factors of public health are the lifestyle of the rural population, the financing of health care and the system of social protection of the population, the development of the agro-industrial complex that provides employment to the population. The analysis shows the need to improve the availability of care, medical activity, valeological literacy of the rural population and commitment to a healthy lifestyle, especially for residents living in the service area of the FAP.
2021 № 1 Environment and Public Health: Actual Issues of Health Care Organization and Medical Education
The priorities of scientific and technological development of the Russian Federation, established by Decree of
the President of the Russian Federation № 642 of 01.12.2016, provide for the improvement of health-saving technologies, which in this article have been considered from the standpoint of their focusing on reducing health risks caused by the adverse impact of environmental factors, including by increasing the functional and adaptive reserves of the body.
The article analyzes in order to improve regulatory legal documents in the field of improving the prevention of chronic
non-communicable diseases, the formation of a healthy lifestyle and hygienic education of the population. Also, a critical
analysis of the state of educational activities provided at the state level in the field of higher professional education and
postgraduate training of medical workers in the direction (specialties): medical and preventive care, medical care, public
health and healthcare.
Concluded that to ensure scientific and technological development of the country's need to expand educational and
enlightening activities on issues of ensuring sanitary and epidemiological welfare of the population, hygiene, public
health and organization of health care in health care organizations, and also outside in all major sectors of economy
and business, in the sphere of organized tourism and recreation, SPA, fitness centers, educational organizations, sports,
social welfare and life of the population, especially in terms of prevention, that in accordance with Federal Law № 323 of
21.11.2011 "On the basics of protecting the health of citizens in the Russian Federation" provides for measures to eliminate the harmful influence of environmental factors. Proposals and additions to the relevant state regulatory documents of the Russian Federation that have already been approved and are currently under development are given.
2019 № 10 Overview of interdepartmental programs for public health care
“In the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of 07.05.2018 No. 204 “About the national purposes and strategic problems of development of the Russian Federation until 2024” achievement of the following target indica¬tors is established: increase by 2024 in the expected life expectancy at the birth till 78 flyings and till 80 flyings by 2030)”. Prevention of noninfectious diseases on an interdepartmental basis is necessary for achievement of such indicators. We carried out the overview of federal orders, resolutions, a regulatory framework and interdepartmental programs for public health care. The analysis of literature showed that in the Russian Federation development and realization of the strategy, projects and programs directed to prevention of noninfectious diseases and forming of commitment of the population to a healthy lifestyle is conducted many of which are between sectoral and use the principles of “Health in all strategy”.