Articles with tag: «medical students»

    POPULATION HEALTH
  • 2023 № 3 Analysis of the morbidity of a separate medical university students before and during the pandemic of the new coronavirus infection COVID-19

    The study of the health of modern students is an urgent problem that requires a comprehensive and comprehensive analysis. With the beginning of the COVID-19 coronarovirus pandemic, isolated works devoted to the study of the morbidity of students have been published.
    In this regard, the study of the morbidity of medical students during the pandemic of a new coronavirus infection is of great practical interest.
    Purpose. To analyze the morbidity and structure in medical university students before and during the pandemic of a new coronavirus infection COVID-19.
    Materials and methods. Students of the Smolensk State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation (SSMU) took part in a comprehensive study. Research bases -polyclinic, health center, serving university students. Sources of information in the study: reporting and accounting forms of a medical institution, a statistical coupon for registering final diagnoses and reporting documentation of healthcare organizations providing medical care to students. The analysis of morbidity was carried out according to the nomenclature, according to the “International Classification of Diseases, Injuries and Causes of Death X revision”.
    Results. The analysis of the overall incidence showed its increase in the pre-pandemic period of the new coronavirus infection COVID-19, and in the first year of the pandemic - a significant decrease with a distinct increase in 2021. The level of primary morbidity in the first year of the pandemic decreased significantly, and in the second year it exceeded the values of primary morbidity, both before the pandemic and the first year of the pandemic. Analysis of the structure of morbidity by incidence, by classes of diseases showed that respiratory diseases were the most frequent among students both in the pre-pandemic and pandemic periods.
    Conclusions. Thus, in the pre-pandemic period, there was an increase in both general and primary morbidity, as well as in all classes of diseases. Respiratory diseases were in the leading ranking place. In the first year of the pandemic, there was a decrease in the level of general, primary morbidity and the level of morbidity in almost all classes of diseases. In the second year of the pandemic, there was a significant increase in these indicators.

    Authors: Shevchenko S. S. [2] Gerasimova T. A. [1] Burdakova A. M. [1]

    Tags: coronavirus  infection11 general morbidity4 medical students3 pandemic8 primary morbidity5

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  • 2023 № 5 Evaluation of commitment to a healthy lifestyle among the students of a medical university as the basis for the formation of preventive programs.

    A student’s commitment to a healthy lifestyle (HLS) is determined by their values, worldview, level of awareness about the risk factors and knowledge of the measures to reduce them, where the result of programs for the formation of health skills depends, in turn, on the commitment of a particular person to the implementation of certain recommendations. To manage healthy lifestyle programs, sertain tools are needed to assess the level of knowledge and readiness to comply with health-preserving guidelines.
    Objective of the study: to study the informational and behavioral component of the commitment to a healthy lifestyle of medical students.
    Methods and materials. 686 students of the first (368 people) and third (320 people) courses were selected for the study of commitment to a healthy lifestyle. With the help of the questionnaire “Awareness of the main parameters of a healthy lifestyle” and the questionnaire “Study of a healthy lifestyle”, according to a specially developed methodology, the awareness of the main parameters of a healthy lifestyle, the degree of their implementation by the respondent and the opinion about the factors influencing the formation of a healthy lifestyle were studied. Statistical processing of the results was carried out using the programs Statistica 5.0 and Microsoft Office Excel.
    Results. The main factors influencing the commitment to a healthy lifestyle among medical students are low levels of awareness of the theoretical foundations of a healthy lifestyle and motivation to maintain it. Negative trends in commitment to a healthy lifestyle are more clearly manifested by the third year: students’ self-evaluation of their own health is falling, the proportion of respondents who assess their health as “mediocre” and “bad” is growing, the proportion of students with optimal physical activity and normal body weight is decreasing.
    Gender differences were found: young men are less committed to taking care of their own health.
    The ranking of risk factors according to the degree of influence on health showed that, according to the students, the leading factors are those directly related to their lifestyle: systematic lack of sleep and study overload. Opposite opinions of students on the influence of certain factors on their health were found, which may be due to both the lack of information and its incorrect interpretation. Objectivity of the assessment of students’ awareness of the main parameters of a healthy lifestyle using an individual scoring showed that the average score of “awareness” of the first year is 3.8, the third – 8.2 points. The point expression of awareness can be used in assessing the effectiveness
    of the theoretical part of the programs for the formation of a healthy lifestyle.
    Scope of the results. The results of the study can serve as an information stage in the development of healthy lifestyle programs for students, as well as for the formation of approaches to the development of an evaluation scale for the effectiveness of such programs.

    Authors: Pozdeeva A. N. [1] Guryanov M. S. [1]

    Tags: awareness2 commitment to healthy lifestyles1 criteria for healthy lifestyles1 factors affecting healthy lifestyles1 healthy lifestyle (hls)1 medical students3

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  • 2022 № 10 Comparative assessment of adherence to vaccination of young mothers and medical university students

    Vaccination is a proven tool for fighting infectious diseases. With the development of the pandemic, the relevance of vaccination prevention has significantly increased, and therefore the importance of considering aspects of vaccination among various population groups has increased. Of particular importance is the commitment to vaccination of medical university students, as future doctors on the one hand, and young mothers on the other.
    P u r p o s e – identification of the peculiarities of adherence to vaccination of students of a separate medical university and young mothers of a certain territory to optimize the popularization of vaccination prevention.
    M a t e r i a l s a n d m e t h o d s . A comparative study of vaccination adherence of 167 medical university students (average age 22,3±0,79 years) and 200 mothers aged 19 to 30 years (average age 23,5±5,1 years) living in Smolensk was planned and conducted. In the course of the study, statistical, analytical methods, and open online questionnaires were used.
    R e s a l t s . The analysis of the results of the survey of young mothers and medical students indicates a generally positive attitude towards vaccination, the importance of which is understood by more than half of the respondents. Respondents of both groups are actively interested in the topic of vaccination prevention and would like to receive more information on this issue. The main source of information about vaccination in both young mothers and medical students are medical professionals. The majority of respondents of both sexes will vaccinate their children within the framework of the National Calendar of Preventive Vaccinations.
    F i n d i n g s . It is necessary to strengthen the formation of commitment to vaccine prevention among medical students and young mothers.
    This can be done by making changes in the educational structure; conducting webinars, seminars, conferences on immunoprophylaxis; development of informational materials for the population on vaccine prevention in the form of models, posters with the participation of students. It will be advisable to involve volunteers – medical students to speak to parents and peers on vaccination, as well as strengthening health education work among the population and talking to parents about the possible consequences of lack of vaccination.

    Authors: Shevchenko S. S. [2] Tikhonova N. K. [2]

    Tags: attitude to vaccinations1 medical students3 questionnaires2 vaccination3 young mothers1

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