Articles with tag: «factors»

    Personnel management
  • 2021 № 4 PROFESSIONAL BURNOUT OF NURSES: FEATURES OF GENERATIONS

    Professional burnout among nurses is an urgent public health problem, which negatively affects the quality of medical care. A specialist’s belonging to a certain generation determines its own characteristics of the response to stress factors and the development of professional burnout.
    Purpose of the study is to determine the main patterns of occurrence of professional burnout among nurses depending on the generation for development and implementation of targeted prevention methods.
    Materials and methods. A one-stage comparative study was planned and conducted using a specially designed questionnaire, including a burnout questionnaire MBI (Maslach Burnout Inventory) and questions assessing professional performance and socioeconomic status to determine the factors of professional burnout. All nurses were stratified into three generational groups.
    Results. The study involved 2486 nurses. It was found that respondents of all generations were prone to professional burnout, with a high and extremely high degree. At the same time, the third generation was most susceptible to the development of professional burnout, the first was the least. The main predictors of the development of professional burnout in the third generation were: lack of sleep and rest, low salary and large loan payments, excessive work load; in the first – the presence of chronic diseases. The second generation had a smaller percentage of respondents with an extremely high degree of professional burnout, because they were characterized by lower labor intensity, lack of sleep deficit and the highest salary.
    Findings. Thus, prevention measures can be individual for each generation, with considering the differences in predictive and protective factors. While, it is necessary to focus on the youngest, third generation, reinforcing factors preventing the development of professional burnout.

    Authors: Kobyakova O. S. [9] Deev I. A. [6] Kulikov E. S. [2] Levko A. N. [1] Tyufilin D. S. [1] Chigrina V. P. [1] Kononova L. A. [1] Chernov D. Y. [1] Kuzhuget R. A. [1]

    Tags: factors3 generations1 nurses5 prevention15 professional burnout2

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  • Medical science
  • 2016 № 9 History of the development of breakthrough biomedical areas: lessons for Russia

    On the example of development of technologies of reprogramming to obtain induced pluripotent stem cells estimated timelines for the transformation of the results of breakthrough fundamental research into commercial high-tech product in Japan, USA and Russia. The conclusion is that a key role in accelerating the life cycle of research and development play a growing high-tech companies and large industrial companies interested in diversifying their business strategies. It is stated a critical lag of the development of life cycle studies in this field in Russia and investigates its causes.

    Authors: Kurakova N. G. [14] Tsvetkova L. А. [9]

    Tags: acceleration1 deceleration1 duration2 factors3 induced pluripotent stem cells1 japan2 life cycle2 research and development2 russia7 technologies for reprogramming cells1 usa2

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  • 2016 № 10 The history of the development of breakthrough biomedical areas: lessons for Russia

    An analysis was conducted of a model for accelerating the life cycle of research and development, as well as temporary parameters for transforming fundamental industrial perspective using an example of reprogramming technologies for obtaining induced pluripotent stem cells. It is shown that the key role in accelerating the industrial life cycle is played by the fast growing medium high technological companies and large industrial companies, interested in diversification of their business strategies. There has been recorded a significant deceleration in the development of the life cycle in this area in Russia, and its causes have been identified.

    Authors: Kurakova N. G. [14] Tsvetkova L. А. [9]

    Tags: accelerating1 decelerating1 duration2 factors3 induced pluripotent stem cell1 japan2 life cycle2 r&d2 re-programming cell technologies1 russia7 usa2

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