Articles with tag: «professional burnout»
2019 № 10 Professional standards as a tool to improve the efficiency of personnel management in medical institutions
The transformation of the sphere of employment and the labor market of hired personnel, training systems for specialists have identified the need for the development and implementation of professional standards. The article substantiates the main reasons for the demand for new regulatory documents to the challenges of the time, the relevance of the competency-based approach at all stages of the implementation of professional standards in the healthcare system. The implementation of professional standards requires large-scale processing by the personnel department of organizational and structural documents; adaptation to new per-sonnel management tools, while taking into account the interests of employers, workers, educational organizations engaged in the training of specialists; additional costs for retraining workers. The main problems of the implementation of professional standards in the healthcare system are related to the renaming of posts and the transfer of employees to less qualified posts, which affects the level of wages and benefits, provokes conflict situations in the team, and creates the conditions for professional burnout.
The article shows the practice of implementing professional standards, implementation problems and ways to solve them using the example of a medical institution, considers changes in the training system, reflecting the dynamics of the formation of professional competencies in the face of uncertain changes. Particular attention is paid to the problems associated with the implementation of professional standards in healthcare.
2021 № 4 PROFESSIONAL BURNOUT OF NURSES: FEATURES OF GENERATIONS
Professional burnout among nurses is an urgent public health problem, which negatively affects the quality of medical care. A specialist’s belonging to a certain generation determines its own characteristics of the response to stress factors and the development of professional burnout.
Purpose of the study is to determine the main patterns of occurrence of professional burnout among nurses depending on the generation for development and implementation of targeted prevention methods.
Materials and methods. A one-stage comparative study was planned and conducted using a specially designed questionnaire, including a burnout questionnaire MBI (Maslach Burnout Inventory) and questions assessing professional performance and socioeconomic status to determine the factors of professional burnout. All nurses were stratified into three generational groups.
Results. The study involved 2486 nurses. It was found that respondents of all generations were prone to professional burnout, with a high and extremely high degree. At the same time, the third generation was most susceptible to the development of professional burnout, the first was the least. The main predictors of the development of professional burnout in the third generation were: lack of sleep and rest, low salary and large loan payments, excessive work load; in the first – the presence of chronic diseases. The second generation had a smaller percentage of respondents with an extremely high degree of professional burnout, because they were characterized by lower labor intensity, lack of sleep deficit and the highest salary.
Findings. Thus, prevention measures can be individual for each generation, with considering the differences in predictive and protective factors. While, it is necessary to focus on the youngest, third generation, reinforcing factors preventing the development of professional burnout.