Information management
  • 2020 № 6 Blood collection during the period of COVID-19 infection

    We searched Google Trends using terms in Russian and English: “coronavirus”, “blood transfusion”, “plasma transfusion”, “donate blood”. Object of study – requests submitted from February 15 to May 25, 2020 in the world, Russia and the USA. Anomalous increase in demand in the USA was revealed corresponding to the booming demand for plasma donors – convalescents of COVID-19: a) for “plasma transfusion” – March 30 – May 2, b) for “donate blood” March 17 – April 7. The studied Russian Google Trends indicators correspond to the reliable work of the blood service, which during the pandemic period solved the main task to provide hospitals with effective and safe components of donated blood. These data provide additional evidence of differences in the scientific validity of blood services in developed countries, and show that Google Trends can serve as a tool to track trends in blood donation.

    Authors: Zhiburt E. B. [13] Kuznetsov S. I. [6] Averyanov E. G. [4] Shestakov E. A. [4]

    Tags: blood6 blood collection4 blood service5 blood transfusion9 covid-1913 google trends1 pandemic6 safety4

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  • Management in health care
  • 2022 № 1 Irregular antibodies to red blood cells in patients of a multidisciplinary clinic

    We studied the practice of transfusion therapy for patients at the Pirogov National Medical and Surgical Center, who
    were diagnosed with irregular antibodies to red blood cells (RBC) in 2020. Among hospital patients, the part of such
    immunized persons was 1,62% (200 people). Of these, the selection of donor RBC was performed in 29 (14,5%) patients.
    45 cross-matching procedures were performed, which involved 177 units of RBC. 121 units were found compatible and
    56 – incompatible. Of 29 patients with matched blood, transfusion of matched RBC was received by 14 (48,3%) people.
    They received 54 units of RBC compatible in the indirect antiglobulin test. In 2 patients, antibodies were detected during
    transfusion therapy. It is advisable to: a) create a centralized laboratory for federal medical organizations with the possibility of identifying irregular anti-RBC antibodies and individual selection of compatible donors; b) include identification of antibodies in the range of medical services; c) standardize the number of segments of the donor container tube from which RBC can be taken for cross-matching; d) establish the frequency of screening for irregular antibodies while continuing transfusion therapy; e) in a clinic of comparable scale, it is sufficient to maintain a daily supply of RBC in the amount of 2,1% – 2,8% of the annual consumption in order to provide an individual selection of blood for patients with irregular anti-RBC antibodies.

    Authors: Zhiburt E. B. [13] Kuznetsov S. I. [6] Averyanov E. G. [4] Shestakov E. A. [4]

    Tags: blood6 blood transfusion9 compatibility1 donor2 irregular antibodies1 recipient4 red blood cells2 selection1

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  • 2021 № 5 Error in the regulation of bacteria screening in donor blood components

    We searched for standards for monitoring the sterility of donor blood and blood components. The legal nullity of the “Instructions for the control of the sterility of canned blood, its components, preparations, canned bone marrow, blood substitutes and preservative solutions” was established. For proper sterility control of donor blood and its components, the “Standard for equipping a blood transfusion station (blood center)” (approved by Order of the Ministry of Health of Russia No. 1167n dated October 28, 2020) needs to be amended by replacing the “Bacteriological analyzer for the identification of microorganisms” with “Analyzer of blood cultures“.

    Authors: Zhiburt E. B. [13] Kuznetsov S. I. [6] Averyanov E. G. [4] Shestakov E. A. [4]

    Tags: bacteria1 blood6 blood collection4 blood transfusion9 safety4 sterility1 testing2

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  • Population and healthcare
  • 2018 № 8 Transfusion of blood: there are fewer recipients than it seems

    It is known that in 2016 a total of 1,196,633 patients of Russian clinics received blood transfusion. The correctness of these data is questionable, since Table 3200 of Report Form 30 does not imply a summation of transfusion of different blood components. In 2 hospitals, the number of blood recipients receiving different transfu¬sion products was determined. It is established that about 25% of patients receive complex transfusion therapy with various kinds of blood components. Summation of data on the number of recipients of different transfusion products (Table 3200 of Form 30) leads to a distorted result, 30% higher than the actual number of patients who received a blood transfusion.

    Authors: Zhiburt E. B. [13] Gubanova M. N. [2] Bragina N. I. [1] Shestakov E. A. [4]

    Tags: blood6 plasma2 platelet1 recipient4 red blood cell1 registration2 transfusion3 unit2

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