2019 № 7 The role of communicative activity of the quality manager inspection body in improving the functioning of the quality management system
Abstract. The role of the communicative activity of the quality manager of the inspection body in the functioning of the
quality management system was investigated with the aim of developing and proposing measures to stimulate the communicative
activities of managers. A survey of 258 employees of the inspection body on a specially developed by the authors
questionnaire. Reliability of differences was assessed using nonparametric statistics, relative and average indicators, representativeness
errors, relative risk and its confidence interval were calculated. The communication of the communicative
activity of the quality manager with the involvement of the personnel of the inspection body in the functioning of the quality
management system has been revealed. The lack of theoretical knowledge of quality management among managers of
structural divisions about the functions and role of a manager in a team creates risks of insufficient awareness of inspection
body staff about the goals and objectives of the implemented quality management system, failure to understand its
documented procedures and non-compliance with its requirements. It was proposed to introduce mandatory external
and additional internal training of quality managers to quality assurance in accordance with the requirements of ISO/
IEC17020:2012 «Requirements for the operation of various types of bodies performing inspection
(IDT)» and ISO 9000 series standards. It is proposed to introduce a cascade method for internal staff training in order to
minimize time and material costs. It is recommended that in terms of combining the functions of a manager with the main
professional activity of employees, to provide material incentives to managers. The need to develop a mentoring system in
the establishment of newly hired employees to the principles and requirements of the quality management system implemented
in the organization prior to the implementation of independent practical activities has been identified.
2023 № 5 Evaluation of commitment to a healthy lifestyle among the students of a medical university as the basis for the formation of preventive programs.
A student’s commitment to a healthy lifestyle (HLS) is determined by their values, worldview, level of awareness about the risk factors and knowledge of the measures to reduce them, where the result of programs for the formation of health skills depends, in turn, on the commitment of a particular person to the implementation of certain recommendations. To manage healthy lifestyle programs, sertain tools are needed to assess the level of knowledge and readiness to comply with health-preserving guidelines.
Objective of the study: to study the informational and behavioral component of the commitment to a healthy lifestyle of medical students.
Methods and materials. 686 students of the first (368 people) and third (320 people) courses were selected for the study of commitment to a healthy lifestyle. With the help of the questionnaire “Awareness of the main parameters of a healthy lifestyle” and the questionnaire “Study of a healthy lifestyle”, according to a specially developed methodology, the awareness of the main parameters of a healthy lifestyle, the degree of their implementation by the respondent and the opinion about the factors influencing the formation of a healthy lifestyle were studied. Statistical processing of the results was carried out using the programs Statistica 5.0 and Microsoft Office Excel.
Results. The main factors influencing the commitment to a healthy lifestyle among medical students are low levels of awareness of the theoretical foundations of a healthy lifestyle and motivation to maintain it. Negative trends in commitment to a healthy lifestyle are more clearly manifested by the third year: students’ self-evaluation of their own health is falling, the proportion of respondents who assess their health as “mediocre” and “bad” is growing, the proportion of students with optimal physical activity and normal body weight is decreasing.
Gender differences were found: young men are less committed to taking care of their own health.
The ranking of risk factors according to the degree of influence on health showed that, according to the students, the leading factors are those directly related to their lifestyle: systematic lack of sleep and study overload. Opposite opinions of students on the influence of certain factors on their health were found, which may be due to both the lack of information and its incorrect interpretation. Objectivity of the assessment of students’ awareness of the main parameters of a healthy lifestyle using an individual scoring showed that the average score of “awareness” of the first year is 3.8, the third – 8.2 points. The point expression of awareness can be used in assessing the effectiveness
of the theoretical part of the programs for the formation of a healthy lifestyle.
Scope of the results. The results of the study can serve as an information stage in the development of healthy lifestyle programs for students, as well as for the formation of approaches to the development of an evaluation scale for the effectiveness of such programs.