Articles with tag: «ent diseases»

    Sociology of healthcare
  • 2023 № 6 Opinion of pediatric otorhinolaryngologists on the main problems in the organization of medical care and priority areas of activity of the professional medical community.

    A medical and sociological study was carried out in order to determine the opinion of specialists on current problems in the organization of children’s otorhinolaryngological care and on the priority areas of activity of the professional medical community. Five main medical and organizational problems in the organization of children’s otolaryngological care are identified: maintaining and developing human resources, stimulating the work of medical workers; improvement of resource support for assistance, stimulation of investments in the development of the material, technical and technological base; increasing the availability of qualified assistance; management optimization;
    improvement of methodological support and introduction of modern technologies for rendering assistance. Pediatric otorhinolaryngologists consider the main activities of the professional community to be: representing the legitimate interests of the Association members, promoting the protection of their professional and social rights; assistance and participation in advanced training and professional retraining of specialists; professional consolidation, strengthening and development of relations between specialists; meeting the needs of specialists in obtaining knowledge about the latest achievements, advanced domestic and foreign experience.

    Authors: Mingazova E. N. [27] Oleinik A. V. [2]

    Tags: association of pediatric otorhinolaryngologists1 children13 children’s ent doctors1 ent diseases3 otorhinolaryngological care2 professional medical communities1

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  • 2023 № 5 Medical and social problems of the prevalence of ENT diseases and the availability of otorhinolaryngological care to the population, including children (review of foreign literature)

    An analysis of foreign scientific sources suggests that the prevalence of otorhinolaryngological diseases in the world is high and affects the increase in disability and mortality rates. The most common pediatric otorhinolaryngological disease worldwide is otitis media. Low availability of specialized otorhinolaryngologist care and socioeconomic disadvantage are associated with earlier, more frequent and severe ENT disease in children. The most vulnerable to otitis media leading to hearing loss are children of low socioeconomic status (even in developed countries) and indigenous children in all countries of the world. In low- and middle-income countries, pediatric
    otorhinolaryngology faces challenges associated with a lack of infrastructure and equipment, a relatively small health care budget, a shortage of medical staff, and a lack of political will. In multicultural developed countries, the lack of understanding in medical institutions of the need to take into account ethno-cultural characteristics, as well as a decrease in confidence in medical institutions, creates constant barriers to access to medical services.

    Authors: Mingazova E. N. [27] Mingazov R. N. [11] Oleinik A. V. [2]

    Tags: accessibility3 children13 ent diseases3 medical and social problems1 otorhinolaryngological care2 prevalence6

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  • Management in healthcare
  • 2023 № 4 Normative support and assessment of the availability of otorhinolaryngological care for children and adolescents.

    Diseases of the ear, throat, nose in children and adolescents are one of the most pressing public health problems due to their high prevalence and medical and social significance, both in our country and abroad. The condition for increasing the effectiveness of otolaryngological care for children and adolescents is to ensure its accessibility.
    P u r p o s e : analysis of regulatory support and assessment of the availability of medical care for children and adolescents in the field of otorhinolaryngology.
    M a t e r i a l s a n d m e t h o d s . Methods of legal analysis, expert assessments, as well as expert, mathematical-statistical and analytical methods were applied.
    F i n d i n g s . Studies conducted in 2022 on the basis of children’s polyclinics in the city of Ramenskoye, Moscow Region, revealed “bottlenecks” in the legal regulation of the issues of access to medical care for children and adolescents in children’s polyclinics. A methodology for an integral assessment of the availability of otorhinolaryngological care for children and adolescents in the conditions of children’s polyclinics has been developed. The deviation of the integral evaluation index according to the proposed method by 18,0% relative to the optimal level was revealed, which requires involvement of local authorities in solving problems.

    Authors: Mingazova E. N. [27] Oleynik A. V. [1] Mushnikov D. L. [1]

    Tags: accessibility of medical care2 children and adolescents2 ent diseases3 normative support1 pediatric otorhinolaryngology1

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