2020 № 6 International experience in implementing programs of enrichment of vita- mins and minerals with diets for various social groups of the population
The issues of the implementation of national programs for the enrichment of vitamins and minerals with diets of various social groups of the population and food products are considered, performance indicators of these technologies are reflected from the standpoint of public health.
2022 № 6 Peculiarities of the quality of life of students, including with disturbances in physical development, under the conditions of the COVID‑19 pandemic
In the context of the COVID‑19 pandemic, student youth are facing significant adverse impacts that affect the state of physical and mental health, as well as changes in quality of life indicators. Factors such as the sudden transition of students to online learning, the closure of hostels, limited access to public spaces, an increase in morbidity in the close environment, the manifestation of fears and phobias had a negative impact. Students have irregular meals, limited access to good nutrition, increased time spent in front of the monitor, less opportunities for physical activity and associated significant changes in physical parameters, namely obesity, an increase in body mass index weight.
Materials and methods: bibliographic, socio-hygienic, sociological, statistical, analytical methods were used in the work.
Findings. Analysis of the results of the study made it possible to establish: a) the average level of the physical component of students’ health is higher than the psychological one; the indicator of the physical component of health, corresponding to the norm, was observed in 70.7% of students; psychological – in 63.4% of students; no statistically significant relationship was found between the physical and psychological components of students’ health; b) in terms of the physical and psychological components of health, the largest percentage of respondents with a norm was noted among students with a lack of body weight; a low level of the physical component of health is much more common in the group of students with excess body weight, compared with the other studied groups
2021 № 5 Role of the “national medical chamber” in coordinating the activities of medical professional communities (for the anniversary of the “National medical chamber”)
The field of healthcare in the modern period of its development is so multifaceted, complex, and also due to the synthesis of professional competencies and skills from various fields of medical science and jurisprudence, which requires a pooling of efforts for its effective functioning.
Purpose of the study is to analyze the current activities of the National Medical Chamber as the main aggregator of medical professional communities and medical associations.
M a t e r i a l s a n d m e t h o d s : materials for the undertaken analysis were literature sources, documents, resolutions. Methods of comparative analysis and systematization of information, content analysis were used in the work.
R e s u l t s . The article provides an analysis of the activities of the “National Medical Chamber”, created ten years ago with the aim of aggregating medical communities in their professional activities towards improving the health care system of the country’s population. It is shown that these trend directions have become key, meeting the modern needs of the effective development of the industry in conjunction with the medical professional communities, the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, and world achievements. The article reflects the issues of preserving the problems of self-government in the activities of various medical professional communities and medical associations.
F i n d i n g s . The ten-year period of activity of the “National Medical Chamber”, based on a consistent, reasoned, analytically verified ideology, allows us to calibrate and clearly solve the assigned tasks on the “painful areas” of healthcare.
2022 № 4 Features of the main anthropometric indicators of physical development of students
P u r p o s e : to determine the features of the main anthropometric indicators of the physical development of students during their studies in the context of the COVID‑19 pandemic.
M a t e r i a l s a n d m e t h o d s . Medical and sociological research was conducted among students of one of the Institutes of the Russian State University named after A. N. Kosygin (Technology. Design. Art). The continuous sample of students was 505 people. During the study, clinical, socio-hygienic, statistical, analytical methods were used.
R e s u l t s . The proportion of persons from the continuous sample (n=505) with normal body mass index was 64.8%, the proportion with underweight indicators was 23.1%, with excess body weight indicators – 12.1%, respectively. The largest proportion of persons with indicators of body weight deficiency was observed in the age group of 18–19 years – 23.5%, the smallest – in the age group of 22–23 years – 12.1% (Р˂0.05). However, the reverse trend is observed in the number of overweight people – with age, their proportion in the respective groups increases: from 9.3% in the age group of 18–19 years old to 18.2% in the group of 22–23 years old (Р˂0.05).
F i n d i n g s . As a result of the study, it was found that the majority of students have normal body mass index, their share is 64.8%; the proportion of people with deviations in physical development is high – 35.2%, and almost every fourth student has a lack of body weight (their share in the sample is 23.1%,), one in eight is overweight (their share in the sample is 12, one%); the average value of BMI among the contingent of students (median) corresponding to the standard value was revealed, however, its high scatter was determined, amounting to 23.01, which indicates the need to use more accurate methods for analyzing the assessment of physical development indicators, for example, the method using regression scales.
2022 № 4 Physical activity of students during the COVID‑19 pandemic as a health-saving perspective
According to the WHO, physical activity contributes to the prevention and treatment of noncommunicable diseases. Lack of fitness is considered an important cause of future lifestyle-related diseases, including metabolic syndrome, diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease. People with low levels of physical activity have higher body mass index, higher waist circumference and fat mass than those with high levels of physical activity. In recent decades, especially during the COVID‑19 pandemic, physical inactivity and sedentary lifestyles have become a major global public health problem, even among younger populations. All this suggests the special importance of the physical activity of students in difficult life situations, including the conditions of the COVID‑19 pandemic.
Purpose: to review foreign scientific literature containing information about the characteristics of physical activity of students during the COVID‑19 pandemic and their impact on health indicators, about risk factors and ways to level them.
Materials and methods: bibliographic, information-analytical and methods of comparative analysis.
Results: during the COVID‑19 lockdown, students, regardless of baseline fitness scores, reduced time spent in moderate to vigorous physical activity, increasing sedentary lifestyle and screen time. At the same time, first-year students turned out to be the most vulnerable to lifestyle changes due to isolation due to the difficulties of adapting to the conditions of study at the university and to the new realities during the COVID‑19 pandemic. During the lockdown, there has been an increase in the positive relationship observed before the pandemic between students’ physical activity indicators and gender, weight, psychological state and year of study. There is a greater adaptability of women to the conditions of isolation, women more often retained physical activity due to concern for health and shape. Women were more sociable, more often used social networks when doing physical exercises.
Findings: when developing strategies to stimulate physical activity and create a favorable environment for its implementation during isolation, one should take into account gender differences, socio-cultural factors, the role of the family and close circle, the role of educational organizations. Promoting physical activity among students during the COVID‑19 pandemic requires the joint efforts of the family, the public, the state, health organizations and educational institutions.
2022 № 3 Features of the state of health of students during their training, including in the conditions of COVID‑19
Purpose: to assess the characteristics of the health status of students in the conditions of education during the pandemic period – 2020–2021. The analysis of the data obtained will form the basis of the developed medical recommendations, organizational measures aimed at maintaining the health of students, including various periods of increased infectious risks.
Materials and methods: Medical and sociological research was conducted among students of one of the Institutes of the Russian
State University named after A. N. Kosygin (Technology. Design. Art). The continuous sample of students was 505 people. In the course of the study, socio-hygienic, clinical, statistical, and analytical methods were used.
Results: It was revealed that in the process of teaching student youth, an increase in the number of people with chronic diseases is determined; diseases of the nervous system, organs of the digestive system, ENT organs and the cardiovascular system prevailed in the structure of chronic diseases of students.
Findings: It was found that there is no difference between the number of patients with coronovirus infection among students who do not have chronic diseases and among those who have chronic pathology. Among students with chronic diseases and recovering from Covid‑19, the most common were people with chronic diseases of the cardiovascular system, chronic diseases of the upper respiratory tract, and people who often get colds (4 or more times a year). Studying the state of health of students is important, both from the point of view of its comprehensive assessment, and from the standpoint of analyzing subsequent dynamic changes, which makes it possible to identify trends in changes in health in the dynamics of education, as well as to introduce appropriate medical and social adjustments.