Articles with tag: «chronic noncommunicable diseases»

    Sociology of healthcare
  • 2023 № 4 Aspects of the quality of the life of persons of working age with chronic noncommunicable diseases of the respiratory organs

    Chronic noncommunicable diseases (NCD) are widespread and affect people of different age groups in all countries. The fight against this group of diseases is one of the priorities of the modern health care. Non-infectious diseases of the respiratory system as well as other diseases, affect social, physical and mental components of well-being. The qualitative assessment of their influence helps to assess the study of the quality of life.
    P u r p o s e : to assess the quality of life of the working-age population of the Nizhny Novgorod region and to develop measures to reduce the risk factors for chronic non-infectious diseases of the respiratory system in these cohorts.
    M a t e r i a l s a n d m e t h o d s . A one-stage comparative study was carried out using the method of standardized interviewing using the SF‑36 questionnaire. The quality of life of people of various age-gender groups with chronic non-infectious diseases of the respiratory system was assessed. All respondents were stratified into groups by pathology and age.
    R e s u l t s . The scientific article reflects the results of the study of assessing the quality of life of working-age patients with the chronic respiratory system pathology. The analysis of the data revealed statistically significant differences in age, gender and groups of pathologies among the respondents. Differences in indicators reflecting emotional states were revealed among men and women of the working age. Age-related changes in indicators of physical and psychological components of health and on all scales of the quality of life were presented. The obtained values of patient indicators show the need to develop specific measures to reduce behavioral risk factors for chronic non-infectious respiratory diseases of the population of the Nizhny Novgorod region.
    Findings. The comparative analysis of the results of the scales of the quality of life and health components reflects the age-related changes in indicators. The people of the older age group of the working age demonstrate significantly low results. The indicators of physical functioning are statistically significantly different in different pathologies of the respiratory system. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) restricts the physical activity of patients more strongly than other pathologies. Low values of the quality of life reflect the need to develop the measures to reduce the risk factors for chronic non-infectious diseases for the population of the Nizhny Novgorod region.

    Authors: Pozdeeva T.  V. [4] Sheyykhova S. S. [1] Kotova N. V. [1]

    Tags: chronic noncommunicable diseases3 people of working age1 prevention23 quality of life7 risk factors15 sf‑36 questionnaire1

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  • 2023 № 6 Behavioural risk factors for chronic noncommunicable diseases in health care workers.

    Low physical activity, smoking and alcohol consumption are among the leading behavioural factors contributing to high morbidity and excess mortality from noncommunicable diseases. It can be assumed that health-care workers should be in the mainstream of population behavioural patterns. However, greater awareness of both the principles of healthy lifestyles and the harms of not following them may distinguish this population group in terms of behavioural responses.
    Purpose: to estimate the prevalence of behavioural risk factors for chronic noncommunicable diseases among health-care workers.
    Materials and methods. Study type: case-control study. Data source: results of the survey of the 28th wave of the Russian National Research University Higher School of Economics’ Monitoring of Economic Situation and Health, representative sample by individuals, survey year 2019. Responses received from respondents – health care workers about their use of tobacco, alcohol and exercise were analysed comparatively. Pearson Chi-square test at significance level p≤0,05 was used to find differences.
    Results. A sociological survey of 55 male and 257 female health workers of working age was carried out. We found that the incidence of a positive smoking response was lower in both male and female working-age health professionals than in the general population of working-age individuals. Compared with the general populations of men and women, no significant differences were found in responses to questions about alcohol consumption and exercise.
    Findings. We found that of the three behavioural factors (smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity), only the first was significantly less prevalent among health professionals. The overall trends identified need to be investigated in more detail.

    Authors: Son I. M. [39] Menshikova L. I. [6] Shelygin K. V. [1]

    Tags: alcohol consumption2 chronic noncommunicable diseases3 exercise1 health workers1 risk factors15 smoking2

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  • Information management
  • 2022 № 5 Implementation of SCORE calculator into the medical information system of the primary care

    In the Russian Federation, disease prevention in primary care is a priority area of medical care for the adult population. An automated assessment of the risk of death from cardiovascular disease can be an auxiliary preventive tool if integrated intoa medical information system.
    P u r p o s e o f t h e s t u d y – to substantiate the automation of the process of assessing the risk of death from cardiovascular diseases over the next 10 years using the SCORE scale at the level of a city hospital.
    M a t e r i a l s a n d m e t h o d s . The study was carried outat the State Budgetary Medical Institution of Arkhangelsk region “Arkhangelsk City Clinical Hospital № 7”. The completeness and quality of electronic patient records were assessed. The SCORE calculator was integrated into the examination protocol for primary care physicians. The effects of the innovation on the completeness and quality of electronic patient records were assessed.
    R e s u l t s a n d d i s c u s s i o n . Among the served population aged 40 to 79 years, any information on risk factors for cardiovascular diseases was reflected in 28,7% of electronic patient records. Data on all variables used to assess the risk on the SCORE scale (gender, age, systolic blood pressure, smoking, cholesterol level) were present for 20,8% of the patients. The introduction of the SCORE automated calculator into the examination protocol of a general practitioner and a cardiologist made it possibleto increase the completeness of data on cardiovascular disease risk factors used for the risk assessment on the SCORE scale to 97,4%.
    C o n c l u s i o n s . The introduction of the SCORE automated calculator has significantly increased the completeness of data on the main risk factors for cardiovascular diseases in patients’ electronic patient records. The innovation makes it possible to reduce labor costs forestimatingthe risks, allowsmore effective identification of persons subject to dispensary observation.

    Authors: Mokhnacheva Т. Е. [2] Monogarova Y. Y. [3] Varakina Z. L. [1] Kudryavtsev A. V. [1]

    Tags: chronic noncommunicable diseases3 electronic patientrecord1 medical information systems11 score scale1

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