Articles with tag: «covid-19 pandemic»

    Management in healthcare
  • 2021 № 1 Applying lean manufacturing technologies to optimize ambulance operations amid the spread of COVID‑19

    The pandemic of new coronavirus infection COVID‑19 has become a serious challenge for the national health
    systems, including Russia, setting ambitious goals aimed at preventing the spread of infection and maintaining the availability of medical care in environment of increasing pressure. The aim of the study was to develop, based on the principles of lean production, a set of measures to increase the availability of emergency medical services for patients diagnosed with or suspected of a new coronavirus infection COVID‑19 in the Tomsk Region. Standard tools of lean manufacturing are applied to the work process of the admission department of the respiratory center in RSBHI «Medical sanitary station № 2». As a result of implementation of target state map, which provides for the optimization of process of transferring a patient diagnosed or suspected of a new coronavirus infection COVID‑19 to admission department, a positive dynamics of local (5.4 times increase in the proportion of calls completed within 15 minutes after the patient was delivered to the admission department) and system (an increase of 1.3 times in the proportion of calls with the time the ambulance team reaches the patient within 20 minutes) indicators of the ambulance service was achieved. The study confirms the effectiveness of lean manufacturing tools for optimizing the work of ambulance and allows us to recommend them for use in a pandemic and other risks of emergency.

    Authors: Shibalkov I. P. [7] Boykov V. A. [6] Kobyakova O. S. [9] Deev I. A. [6] Taranov A. A. [2] Baranovskaya S. V. [3] Suvorova T. A. [3] Babeshina M. A. [1] Masunov V. N. [1] Milkevich M. N. [1] Rodionov N. V. [1]

    Tags: covid-19 pandemic4 emergency medical services2 lean  production5 patient routing1 respiratory center1

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  • 2020 № 4 Perception of a threat to personal security medical professionals in the context of the COVID-19 Pandemic

    The article presents the results of an empirical study of the perception of personal safety threats by medical profes- sionals: doctors and nurses. Respondents were medical staff, conditionally divided into two groups: 1) medics in preparation for entering the high-risk zone; 2) medics working in high-risk areas. The resulting text data was processed by IBM Watson Studio (Version 1.1.0–177). Cluster analysis was carried out using the K-Means model. It is shown that the sources of health workers’ fears are determined by the area of actual workspace: preparation for entry to the high-risk zone or working in direct contact with patients infected with COVID-19.

    Authors: Tsaranov K. N. [4] Tarbastaev A. G. [4] Zhiltsov V. A. [1] Klimova E. M. [2]

    Tags: covid-19 pandemic4 fears1 medical professionals1 personal safety1

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  • Management in health care
  • 2021 № 5 Organization of medical care for patients with cancer on the basis of lean production in the interests of developing organizational health-saving technologies during the pandemic

    The article presents the results of the application of lean manufacturing (LM) technologies for the successful implementation of the state task of a clinical medical organization to provide high-tech medical care during the restrictions caused by the COVID19 pandemic. The highest degree of implementation of LM values and technologies was achieved in the section of respect for the person and corporate culture – 89%, compliance with specialized standards – 86%, satisfaction with quality and safety, as well as quick response to changes‑85% for each,
    which allows implementing organizational health-saving technologies. The most accessible and widespread health-saving technology can be considered specialized information on the prevention of non-communicable diseases posted on the website of a medical organization in a special section and attracting the attention of patients in a voluntary informed consent. The organizational and methodological department can become the organizing structural unit of a medical organization for testing the introduction of lean production technologies and testing organizational health-saving technologies, whose specialists should be engaged in improving the level of professional training of doctors,
    specialists in clinical profile and secondary medical personnel on health-saving issues, conducting communication campaigns aimed at increasing the responsibility of patients who come for examination and treatment for their health, their relatives and relatives, awareness of the value of human life and health, the formation of a culture of health in various age and social groups.

    Authors: Gurov A. N. [14] Kruglov S. E. [2] Solodkiy V. A. [2]

    Tags: covid-19 pandemic4 medical care for patients1 oncological diseases2 organizational health-saving technologies1 “lean manufacturing”3

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  • Focus of problem

    The pandemic of COVID‑19 put before society new unique, economic and ethical dilemmas as it imposed increased requirements to health care systems, both on national, and at the global level. One of these problems – ensuring stability of functioning of a health care system in emergency situations.
    Research objective – the analysis of the current trends defining ability of health care to satisfy sharply increasing needs of people for medical care at emergence of emergency situation.
    Materials and methods. Methods of the content analysis, economical and statistical analysis, information and analytical materials of the Russian and foreign news agencies, statistical materials of the Russian Ministry of Health and Federal State Budgetary Institution TSNIIOIZ of the Russian Ministry of Health [1], a form of the state statistical observation No. 62, summary across Russia, “Data on resource providing and on delivery of health care to the population”, methods of the content analysis, economical and statistical analysis, information and analytical materials of the Russian and foreign news agencies, expert estimates, analytical materials and statistical data of World Health Organization, statistical data and metadata over the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and the certain countries which are not members and also the materials of monographic researches and periodicals including placed on the Internet are used.
    Results. At the level of the state, resistance of a national health care system to emergency situations is defined by a condition of infrastructure of the industry, the mechanism and the amount of financing and also scales of attraction of the private medical sector to work for the benefit of society. For 2011–2019 the number of the hospitals of the state form of ownership participating in implementation of the Program was reduced from 4542 in 2011 to 2896 in 2019, or for 37%, and the number of the group hospitals participating in implementation of the Program increased almost by 1.5 times – from 163 organizations in 2011 to 235 in 2019. The number of the medical organizations of emergency medical service of the state form of ownership was reduced from 235 in 2011 to 169 in 2019, and the number of the private medical organizations of emergency medical service participating in implementation of the Program increased from only one organization in 2012 to 28 organizations in 2019. The number of the out-patient and polyclinic institutions of the state form of ownership participating in implementation of the Program was reduced since 2581 in 2011 to 1419 in 2019, or twice, and the number of private out-patient and polyclinic medical institutions increased from 485 organizations in 2012 to 2160 organizations in 2019, or by 4,5 times. At the level of the population stability of health care is affected by social and economic structure of society, ability and readiness of people to pay and be assessed with a tax for payment of medical care. At the same time, the solvency of the population of Russia remains low, and the insufficient amount of financing of health care leads to the accruing substitution guaranteed to medical
    care by paid medical services.
    Conclusions. In modern Russia there was a trend of increase in number of the private medical organizations which are carrying out activity in the sphere of compulsory health insurance in a combination to decrease in number of the public medical institutions that demonstrates gradual strengthening of a role of private business in questions of providing the population with medical care. It is necessary to guarantee that financing of the private sector at the expense of treasury will be carried out not to the detriment of the state medical organizations and will not undermine the processes which began in the country on system strengthening of health care, first of all – its primary link. For this purpose it is necessary to increase significantly a share of the public expenditures by health care in gross domestic product of Russia.

    Authors: Perkhov V. I. [20] Pesennikova E. V. [2]

    Tags: covid-19 pandemic4 emergency situations1 private sector of health care1 stability of functioning of health care1

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