2021 № 1 Activity of daily stay oncological hospitals in the Russian Federation and its regions for 2010–2019
Relevance. Oncological diseases both in our country and in other countries of the world make a significant
negative contribution to the overall mortality and disability of the population. Moreover, in the last decade, oncopathology is significantly more often affects the younger, employable population. One of the factors improving medical care is the provision of the population with specialists and hospital beds of oncological profile, including day care, where patients with this class of diseases could undergo a full course of pre-treatment, treatment, rehabilitation and recovery.
Aim. To identify the dynamics of the main activity indicators of daily stay oncological hospitals of the public health sector in the Russian Federation, federal districts and regions of the Russian Federation for 2010–2019.
Materials and methods. Using the data of federal statistical observation (form № 14DS) by the method of descriptive
statistics, the main activity indicators of daily stay oncological hospitals in the Russian Federation, federal districts and
regions of the Russian Federation in dynamics for 2010–2019 were analyzed.
Results and discussion. In General, in the Russian Federation, the absolute number of oncologic hospital beds in daily
stay hospitals of medical organizations providing inpatient care for the period from 2010 to 2019 increased by 3,5 times
(from 1,448 to 5,013 beds), in daily stay hospitals of medical organizations providing outpatient care for the period from
2014 to 2019 by 67,1% (from 2,465 to 4,120 beds). At the same time the number of patients treated in oncological hospital beds in inpatient daily stay hospitals for the period 2010–2019 increased by 405,245 (from 78,120 to 483,365 people), and in outpatient daily stay hospitals for the period from 2014 to 2017 increased by 93939 (from 218,502 to 312,441 people). The average occupancy of an oncological hospital bed per year and the average duration of treatment in Russia in inpatient daily stay hospitals decreased from 409 days in 2010 to 380 days in 2019 and from 7,7 to 5,6 days, respectively, in outpatient daily stay hospitals from 407 days in 2014 to 386 days in 2017 and from 4,7 to 4,6 days, respectively.
Conclusion. The expansion of the bed fund of daily stay hospitals of oncological profile is timely and justified, but its
development in different regions of the Russian Federation is characterized by a pronounced disproportion. At present
there are all the necessary reserves to continue the active development of the network of daily stay hospitals of this profile.
2020 № 1 The effectiveness of the reorganization of dermatovenerological care in the Samara region in terms of “lean production”
By implementing “lean manufacturing”, medical organizations can save on all costs, while improving acces¬sibility and improving the quality of care.
The roadmap “Changes in social sectors aimed at improving the efficiency of health care” set the task of increasing the share of outpatient care costs in the total costs of the “Program of state guarantees of free medical care” from 25.3% in 2013 to 31.7% in 2018. the Share of inpatient care costs should be reduced from 60.3% to 50.3%. In providing effective treatment of patients with dermatovenerological pathology of great importance is the use of the necessary amount of der¬matological care, as well as therapeutic methods of diagnosis and treatment, which determines the need for continuity in the work of PHC and PHC. In 2010. in the Samara region the restructuring of the bed Fund and partial reduction of der-matovenerological beds, improvement of selection of patients for inpatient treatment according to the developed criteria of hospitalization in hospitals of round-the-clock stay and day hospitals on the profile of dermatovenerology were carried out, clinical protocols were introduced at the outpatient stage – all of the above contributed to the efficiency of the use of the bed Fund in dermatovenerology. The reorganization of dermatovenerological care improved the quality of medical care for patients with dermatovenerological diseases and clinical and organizational indicators of dermatovenerological care.
2020 № 10 Efficiency indicators of the round-the-clock hospital beds of the oncologic profile in the Russian Federation
The steady growth trend of oncological diseases in Russia in recent years requires a response from the health
care system: development of prevention aimed at early detection of diseases; improvement of methods of diagnostics and treatment of oncopathology; improving the quality and effectiveness of medical care.
A i m : to identify trends in changes of the neoplasms incidence and performance indicators of oncological beds for
round-the-clock stay of the state health care system in the Russian Federation, federal districts and regions of the Russian Federation in dynamics for 2010–2019.
M a t e r i a l s a n d m e t h o d s . Using the data of federal statistical observation (forms NoNo. 12, 30) by the method of
descriptive statistics, the main indicators of the neoplasms incidence in the population are analyzed, as well as the work
of round-the-clock oncological beds in the Russian Federation, federal districts and regions of the Russian Federation in
dynamics for 2010–2019.
R e s u l t s . On the background of an increase in the neoplasms incidence in the population (by 24.9%), including malignant (1.5 times), for the period 2010–2019 in the Russian Federation increased: the absolute number of oncology beds of round-the-clock stay from 30,970 to 36,186 (+ 16.8%), the provision with these beds from 2.17 to 2.47 per 10,000 population (+ 13.8%), hospitalization rate from 6.1 to 9.6 per 1000 population (+ 57.4%), and decreased: the average length of stay in an oncological bed (from 12.1 days to 8.4 – by 30.6%), as well as the average bed occupancy per year (from 345 to 330 days – by 4.3%). The extreme values of the indicators of the hospitalization rate for round-the-clock oncological beds in the regions of the Russian Federation in 2019 differ 12.8 times, the provision of these beds – 9.2 times, the average bed occupancy per year – 1.5 times, the average length of stay in a bed – 2.4 times. Mortality in oncological hospital beds increased from 0.76% in 2010 to 0.95% in 2019 (by 25%).
C o n c l u s i o n . The 24-hour oncological bed capacity, against the background of the growth of oncological morbidity,
has naturally increased, but at the same time it is characterized by an extreme disproportionality of development in the
Federal Districts and the regions of the Russian Federation. Optimization of the bed fund should be carried out based on
the objective needs of a particular region, taking into account its characteristics and with the simultaneous development
of alternative medical services.