2021 № 1 Activity of daily stay oncological hospitals in the Russian Federation and its regions for 2010–2019
Relevance. Oncological diseases both in our country and in other countries of the world make a significant
negative contribution to the overall mortality and disability of the population. Moreover, in the last decade, oncopathology is significantly more often affects the younger, employable population. One of the factors improving medical care is the provision of the population with specialists and hospital beds of oncological profile, including day care, where patients with this class of diseases could undergo a full course of pre-treatment, treatment, rehabilitation and recovery.
Aim. To identify the dynamics of the main activity indicators of daily stay oncological hospitals of the public health sector in the Russian Federation, federal districts and regions of the Russian Federation for 2010–2019.
Materials and methods. Using the data of federal statistical observation (form № 14DS) by the method of descriptive
statistics, the main activity indicators of daily stay oncological hospitals in the Russian Federation, federal districts and
regions of the Russian Federation in dynamics for 2010–2019 were analyzed.
Results and discussion. In General, in the Russian Federation, the absolute number of oncologic hospital beds in daily
stay hospitals of medical organizations providing inpatient care for the period from 2010 to 2019 increased by 3,5 times
(from 1,448 to 5,013 beds), in daily stay hospitals of medical organizations providing outpatient care for the period from
2014 to 2019 by 67,1% (from 2,465 to 4,120 beds). At the same time the number of patients treated in oncological hospital beds in inpatient daily stay hospitals for the period 2010–2019 increased by 405,245 (from 78,120 to 483,365 people), and in outpatient daily stay hospitals for the period from 2014 to 2017 increased by 93939 (from 218,502 to 312,441 people). The average occupancy of an oncological hospital bed per year and the average duration of treatment in Russia in inpatient daily stay hospitals decreased from 409 days in 2010 to 380 days in 2019 and from 7,7 to 5,6 days, respectively, in outpatient daily stay hospitals from 407 days in 2014 to 386 days in 2017 and from 4,7 to 4,6 days, respectively.
Conclusion. The expansion of the bed fund of daily stay hospitals of oncological profile is timely and justified, but its
development in different regions of the Russian Federation is characterized by a pronounced disproportion. At present
there are all the necessary reserves to continue the active development of the network of daily stay hospitals of this profile.