All articles by Melnikov Yu. Yu.
2020 № 7 Productivity indicators of the daily stay bed fund in the Russian Federation
The process of reducing round-the-clock bed fund with simultaneous development of hospital-replacing technologies, namely
daily stay hospitals, has been going on in the Russian Federation, for more than twenty-five years, a similar trend has been observed in recent decades in most developed countries of the world. From 2010 to 2018 provision of the population with beds of daily stay hospitals in the Russian Federation moderately increased from 15.4 per 10,000 to 17.0 (an increase of 10.7%). Hospitalization rate of the population in daily stay hospitals in the country increased from 41.9 per 1,000 population in 2010 to 56.3 in 2018 (an increase of 34.5%). At the same time, the average bed occupancy per year in daily stay hospitals for the study period decreased from 311 days to 301 days (the decrease was 3.1%). The average length of stay in daily hospitals bed decreased from 11.4 to 10.1 days (the decrease was 11.7%). The positive dynamics of most of the studied indicators testifies to the development of the network of daily stay hospitals in the Russian Federation, the negative point is the reduction of average bed occupancy per year, what may indicate a decrease of the intensity of use of the bed fund of daily stay hospitals in the country.
2020 № 2 Dynamics of indicators of the hospital bed fund of round-the-clock and daily stay in the Russian Federation
For the period 2010–2018 the number of hospitals in the Russian Federation decreased from 5705 to 4323
(by 24.2%), both due to the reduction in the number of beds and in connection with the unification of medical organizations.
The number of beds of round-the-clock stay decreased from 1250120 to 1044875 (by 16.4%); the following
indicators decreased: provision with these beds (from 87.5 to 71.1 per 1000 population – by 18.7%), the average treatment
duration (from 12.6 days to 10.7 – by 15.1%) and, unfortunately, average bed occupancy per year (from 325 to
313 days – by 3.7%). In 2018, the extreme values of the indicator of hospitalization rate for 24-hour hospital beds in
the regions of the Russian Federation differ 1.8 times, provision with hospital beds – 2.9 times, average bed occupancy
per year – 1.2 times, average treatment duration – 1.8 times. The revealed differences are significant, what indicates
the imbalance of the ongoing structural transformations. The overall hospital mortality rate in the Russian Federation increased:
from 1.5% in 2010 to 1.9% in 2018 (by 28.4%), similar dynamics – in all Federal Districts. The provision of the
population of the Russian Federation with places in day time hospitals increased from 15.4 per 10 000 in 2010 to 17.0
in 2018 (by 10.7%). Multidirectional tendencies are noted, both toward increasing and decreasing the number of places
in day hospitals both in the Federal Districts and in the regions of the country; the extreme values of the indicator of the
provision of places for day hospitals in the constituent regions of the Russian Federation differ by 30 times, what reflects the
disproportionate organization of the network of day time hospitals in the country’s regions. During the observation period
in the Russian Federation the level of hospitalization in round-the-clock hospitals decreased from 222.0 to 203.5 per 1000
population (–8.3%), while the level of hospitalization in day time hospitals steadily increased from 26.4 to 35.0 per 1000
population (by 32.8%), what indicates the implementation of the expected hospital-replacing function of day time hospitals
in the country. The issue of further structural and functional optimization of the bed fund of the country remains relevant.
2016 № 7 The activities of day hospitals in the Russian Federation in 2000–2014
The article analyzes legal documents, which that regulate the work of day hospitals in the Russian Federation since the late 90-ies of XX century to the present. Presents an analysis of the performance of activities of day hospitals in health institutions providing medical care in ambulatory and stationary conditions in the country in 2000–2014. Marked increase in the number of beds in day hospitals 2,3 times, which is mainly due to the increase of beds in day hospitals in health institutions providing medical care in ambulatory conditions. Spend the evaluation of use of hospital beds hospitals for 15 years. During the study period the number of beds in hospitals has decreased by 27,7%, the number of discharged patients has almost not changed, which is associated with the intensity of the work beds. Shows the comparison of the number of persons treated in day hospitals and hospitals round-the-clock stay. The total number of patients treated in day hospitals and round hospitals, the proportion of patients treated at a convenience care hospitals declined from 92,5 to 80,3%, the proportion of patients treated in day hospitals increased from 7,5 to 19,7%.