Public health
  • 2022 № 4 The relationship between the structure of nutrition and chronic non-communicable diseases

    I n t r o d u c t i o n . The article analyzes modern literary sources and scientific ideas devoted to the study of the role of healthy
    nutrition and the influence of nutrition factors on health. Proper and healthy nutrition is the basis of a high-quality human life,
    affects health, longevity and performance. Modern nutrition should not only satisfy the physiological needs of a person for nutrients
    and energy, but also perform preventive and therapeutic functions. Diets based entirely on the consumption of plant products are
    becoming increasingly popular due to the many claimed health benefits. Numerous studies conducted in recent years indicate
    that a plant-based diet with a restriction of animal products is accompanied by a lower risk of developing chronic diseases, and
    in some nosologies contributes to disease control. The goals and objectives of the prevention of healthy eating are to preserve
    and strengthen the health of the population, prevent diseases caused by inadequate and unbalanced nutrition. M a t e r i a l s a n d
    m e t h o d s . A review of the literature on the control of food safety, the fullness and balance of nutrition, compliance with dietary
    regimes. R e s u l t s . With eating disorders, the ability to withstand adverse environmental influences, stress, increased mental
    and physical exertion sharply decreases. An imbalance of nutrients, vitamins and minerals in the composition of food leads to
    metabolic disorders and subsequently to disease. D i s c u s s i o n . Rational nutrition is considered as one of the components of
    “lifestyle medicine”. At the same time, most researchers emphasize the need for large-scale population-based research in this
    area in accordance with modern principles of evidence-based medicine. C o n c l u s i o n . The results of numerous studies indicate
    the significant role of nutrition in the development of various diseases, their prevention and treatment. Nutrition is the basis for all
    metabolic processes of the human body, therefore, a violation of nutrition contributes to the occurrence of the disease. A healthy
    diet and a healthy lifestyle are the basis of disease prevention.

    Authors: Kozhabek L. [1]

    Tags: morbidity10 nutrition1 prevention17 treatment2

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