Artificial intelligence in health care
  • 2019 № 3 Development of algorithm for searching of clinically homogeneous patients from semistructured text data of oncological electronic health record

    The growth in the number of patients with malignant neoplasms in Russia significantly increases the load on a specialized network of oncological institutions and oncologists. It is most likely that this trend will continue in the coming years. One of the ways to improve the efficiency of medical activity is the extraction knowledge from medical data arrays, using modern data analysis methods, by clustering patients into groups of clinically homogeneous (similar) patients from electronic health records. The aim of the study is to develop an algorithm for finding clinically homogeneous patients according to the electronic health records of the oncological dispensary, with follow-up possibility of integration into the clinical decision support system (CDSS). The use of such CDSS in practical medicine and in the field of medical education will allow us to analyze both semistructured and unstructured arrays of information, which will require further implementation and improvement of information systems at all levels of
    medical care. The homogeneity of patients was determined by machine learning by cosine distance in the space of vector representations of electronic health records. An experiment on 20 randomly selected electronic health records of patients of Krasnodar Regional Oncological Dispensary showed high efficiency of the algorithm in creating clusters of clinically homogeneous patients.

    Authors: Koshkarov A. A. [8] Khalafyan A. A. [3] Murashko R. A. [3] Sobchenko K. V. [2] Sharov S. V. [2] Avetisyan M. S. [1] Egorov K. S. [1] Kokh V. N. [1]

    Tags: clinical decision support system2 electronic health record5 oncology3 vector representation1

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  • 2018 № itm Forecasting the stage of adenomiosis with neural networks

    Adenomyosis is a widespread gynecological disease, which is often accompanied by infertility. There are problems with the diagnosis of the disease, since the disease has various clinical manifestations, including often asymp- tomatic course of the disease. Due to the complexity of the diagnosis and according to different sources, its frequency varies from 5% to 70%. An equally difficult problem is determining the stage of the disease. The stage determines the tactics and strategy of treating patients. A sample of 84 patients with adenomyosis, using the Spearman rank correla- tion coefficient, revealed indicators that are interrelated with the stages of the disease. In this work, the application of the heuristic procedure to neural networks for predicting the laboratory-clinical indicators of the adenomyosis stage is considered. A software application has been developed that allows you to predict the stage of adenomyosis without resorting to hysterectomy. The methodological value of the work is that, using the example of a common gynecological disease, it is shown that the use of modern data analysis tools opens up wide possibilities for solving prognostic prob- lems of determining patients’ belonging to certain classes according to the stages or types of the disease. Software applications that automate the procedure for classifying patients can form the basis of various systems of support for making medical decisions.

    Authors: Koshkarov A. A. [8] Khalafyan A. A. [3] Akin’shina V. A. [2] Karahalis L. Ju. [1] Papova N. S. [1]

    Tags: adenomiosis1 medical decision support system3 neural networks7

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  • Decision support systems
  • 2018 № 2 Decision Support System for Choosing Correction Tactics of Internal Carotid Arteries Stenosis

    Along with the medical systems development there is an important task on creation of medical decision support systems (DSS), in particular, capable of predicting the probability of postoperative complications. Computer methods of data analysis make it possible to successfully use both classical methods of applied statistics and modern heuristic procedures for identifying latent (hidden) knowledge in patients’ databases with subsequent construction of predictive models. The article describes the DSS, which automates the prediction of complications probability in the surgical treatment of internal carotid arteries stenoses by carotid endarterectomy and angiostentiation methods basing on the clinical parameters of the patient’s condition before treatment and the technological parameters of the operative intervention. The DSS is based on such classification methods as classification trees and neural networks, the training sample for the classification is the database of patients, who have been treated, with the information of complications presence or absence availiable. Studies, preceding the DSS development were implemented in the STATISTICA package environment. The entrance into program is automated. At the user’s require, the patient data, needed for the calculation is imported into the prediction program module of complications probability from the Excel table. Also, at the user’s request, the prediction results can be saved in the source table.

    Authors: Koshkarov A. A. [8] Khalafyan A. A. [3] Vinogradov R. A. [1] Akin’shina V. A. [2]

    Tags: angiostenting1 carotid endarterectomy1 classification trees1 medical decision support system3 neural networks7

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