POPULATION HEALTH
  • 2023 № 6 The use of natural and climatic factors of North Ossetia in the treatment and rehabilitation chronic respiratory pathology.

    The effectiveness of treatment of patients with chronic respiratory pathology largely depends on an integrated approach that includes successive stages, including climate therapy in combination with natural factors.
    T h e p u r p o s e of the study: to analyze the activities of the republican center for pulmonological care and to show the importance of using the natural and climatic features of North Ossetia in the treatment and rehabilitation of patients with chronic respiratory pathology.
    R e s e a r c h m e t h o d s : statistical, expert assessments, direct observation. The statistical reporting materials of the Republican Center for Pulmonological care for 2018–2022 were analyzed.
    R e s u l t s . The expediency of organizing local specialized medical rehabilitation organizations and their relevance in the republic is shown.
    The activity of the pulmonological center became especially relevant in the post-ovarian period, when the need for rehabilitation measures for people who have had a coronavirus infection COVID‑19 has significantly increased. At the end of 2021, the flow of patients to the pulmonology center increased significantly compared to 2020. The growing trend in the number of patients treated with chronic respiratory pathology was noticeably manifested in 2022. Beds for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease have been the most in demand for all years. In relation to 2020, the number of people treated in 2022 increased by 44.8%. Despite the fact that bronchial asthma occupies the second place in the structure of hospitalization for pulmonological beds, a more noticeable increase in patients is registered with chronic bronchitis (by 30%) and bronchiectatic disease (by 23.8%). The number of people treated with asthma and asthmatic status increased by 18.3% in 2022. More than 70% of the treated patients were persons over the working age. Taking into account the specifics of respiratory pathology, the expediency of organizing local specialized medical and rehabilitation medical organizations located in climatic conditions familiar to patients that do not require acclimatization is important. The organization of local pulmonological centers in the region is of particular importance for carrying out medical and rehabilitation measures for people with impaired respiratory system function after suffering from COVID‑19 coronavirus infection. The identified trends should be taken into account when planning the volume
    of specialized medical care in the republic.

    Authors: Alikova Z. R. [1] Serdyuk N. V. [1] Rodionova V. E. [1] Dzhioeva I. A. [1]

    Tags: chronic respiratory pathology1 natural and climatic factors1 pulmonological center1 structural features1 use1

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