2020 № 2 Evaluation of the organization and transport accessibility of medical care to rural residents
The basis of the study was the Orenburg region. According to the MIAC health care in the Orenburg region
in 2015, the number of rural settlements was 1036, and the number of FAPs was 945. Sociological studies were conducted
in three pilot rural areas with different populations and distances from the regional center: Abdulinsky, Orenburg, Svetlinsky.
The total number of adults in the three districts is 19,356. The results of a sociological survey indicate a low availability of medical assistance to rural residents, the lack of a preventive focus among doctors on the prevention of exacerbations of chronic pathology, primarily of villagers living in localities attached to FAP. The need to improve the organizational forms of the work of medical organizations in the countryside, the development of mobile field complexes and general medical (family) practices, the development of medical and social assistance in rural areas is determined.