2023 № 4 Evaluation of the effectiveness of using remote monitoring of blood pressure in the dispensary observation of patients with arterial hypertension
Arterial hypertension (AH) is by far the most important risk factor for cardiovascular disease. An effective method of dealing with high blood pressure (BP) is dispensary observation. Of particular relevance is the search for new tools to improve the dispensary observation of patients with hypertension, one of which may be remote monitoring of blood pressure, as an option for providing medical care using telemedicine technologies.
Purpose of study – Analysis of the effectiveness of using remote monitoring of blood pressure in the dispensary observation of patients with hypertension.
Methods. A non-randomised, open-label, generalized, single-centre, retrospective, longitudinal, parallel, applied study included 78 patients who completed a remote blood pressure monitoring program who were subsequently divided into 2 groups depending on the degree of achievement of target values of blood pressure (<135/85 mm Hg).
Results. During the observation period, all patients (n=78) experienced a decrease in SBP by 8.2 mmHg, DBP at 3.8 mmHg. Group 1 consisted of 35 patients who reached target levels of blood pressure, group 2 included 43 patients who did not reach target levels of blood pressure. Initially, the groups did not differ in sex and age, while in the second group, the initial values of SBP and DBP were higher. The study found that the degree of achievement of target levels of blood pressure is influenced by the following factors: the level of SBP and DBP at the beginning of observation, the proportion of extraordinary measurements with blood pressure levels above 135/85 mmHg during the observation period, the proportion of missed blood pressure measurements during the observation period, as well as the duration of remote monitoring.
Conclusions. Remote monitoring of blood pressure is an effective tool for improving the dispensary observation of patients with arterial hypertension and can improve the availability and quality of medical care.