The topic of the article is computer ontologies in medicine and bioinformatics. In the article, ontologies are considered as the description method. The specifics, pros and cons of this approach to formalization are discussed. The article provides an overview of popular medical ontologies. Those more used by scientists and doctors, such as SNOMED, Gene Ontology, RxNorm, etc are covered more detailed. Nowadays computer ontologies are widely known in medicine. They are being used for the formalization of accumulated human experience and computerization, for open knowledge bases creation. However, in the future, combined with artificial intelligence and machine learning technologies medical ontologies can be in demand as a subject area describing method when creating decision support systems such as diagnostic recommendation systems.
Terminology and standardization