2022 № 5 Clinical aspects of medical-social examination of tuberculosis in adults
The epidemiological situation with tuberculosis in the Russian Federation in the current socioeconomic conditions continues to be quite tense. In addition to all kinds of introductions from practicing physicians to combat tuberculosis, a significant contribution comes from the activities of administrative bodies aimed at creating and implementing new draft laws on disability related to tuberculosis, including methods of social expertise and safety, various support measures for disabled citizens, and methods of rehabilitation for persons with a disability group assigned.
All persons with tuberculosis are guaranteed the right to a medical and social expert evaluation. In connection with the release of the new order, there are actual data, which require attention not only of social security workers, but also of medical personnel.
P u r p o s e : to reveal actual aspects of medical and social examination for tuberculosis in adults.
Methods. Regulatory documents on social security of population were analyzed and the main reasons influencing the expert evaluation and decision of commission for medical and social protection in tuberculosis in adult stratum of population were singled out.
R e s u l t s a n d d i s c u s s i o n . As of January 1, 2020, Order No. 585n of the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Russian Federation of August 27, 2019, came into force. “On the classifications and criteria used in the implementation of medical and social expert assessment of citizens by federal state medical and social expert assessment institutions. The expert evaluation for tuberculosis is based on an analysis of the totality of persistent impairments of body functions, containing significant clinical components, due to the pathological process and the severity of restrictions to vital functions, which are affected by the localization and prevalence of the specific process, the degree of activity, MBT sensitivity to antituberculosis drugs, the nature of complications and the possibilities of surgical treatment. Presence or absence of mycobacterial discharge in a patient is one of the major criteria
of therapy efficacy and favorable prognosis.
C o n c l u s i o n . The medical and social expert evaluation is an important component in the evaluation of a person’s state of health, in the assignment of a disability group, and in the analysis of the leading medical criteria, which characterize the degree of restriction of vital functions. The aspect of reviewing normative-legal acts concerns not only employees of social protection, but also acting clinicians for a better understanding of all the socio-economic consequences assigned when making this or that diagnosis.
Disability of the population due to tuberculosis remains a relevant area of analysis, requiring attention from both a clinical and legal perspective.