During 2012-2018 in the Russian Federation, pursuant to Presidential Decree No. 599 of 05/07/2012, a set of state support measures was implemented aimed at increasing the specific gravity of Russian publications indexed in international databases. The national project “Science” (NPS) designed to realize the goals set by Presidential Decree No.204 of 05/07/2018 “On the National Goals and Strategic Tasks for Development of the Russian Federation until 2024” continues and develops the theme of increasing the publication activity of the Russian Federation in the internationalized space. One of the six NPS targets is “The place of the Russian Federation in terms of specific gravity in the total number of articles in areas defined by the priorities of scientific and technological development in publications indexed in international databases”. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the basic value of this indicator for biomedical disciplines related to the priority direction (paragraph 20c) of the Strategy for Scientific and Technological Development of the Russian Federation. We compared volumes of publication flows of the Russian Federation in 20 biomedical disciplines with a similar indicator of countries ranked fifth in the number of publications on the subject area under consideration, indexed in the Web of Science Core Collection (WoS CC). A 5-10 fold lag of the Russian Federation was recorded for the most part of the priority areas in the field of biomedicine identified by the NTS passport. The impact of public policy measures aimed at increasing the national biomedical publication stream for the period of 2012-2018 was estimated as insufficient to meet the considered NTS target.