The article analyzes the dynamic changes in the main indicators of the reproductive potential of the region, such as the
number of female and male population of the region (on the example of the Republic of Dagestan), the structure of women by age groups and changes in the number of women of reproductive age, birth rates. The theoretical material for the study was legal documents and statistical collections, literary sources, as well as materials of statistical analysis of the demographic situation in the regions; in the course of the analysis, the following methods were used: study and generalization of experience, analytical, statistical.
M a t e r i a l s a n d m e t h o d s : bibliographic, sociological, statistical and analytical methods.
F i n d i n g s . The results of the study showed that the number of women in the age groups of 15–19 years and 20–24 years has noticeably decreased in the republic, in recent years the number of women in the age group of 25–29 years has been declining (after their stable growth in previous years), and negative changes in the structure of the number of women of young childbearing age may cause a decrease in the birth rate in the coming years, despite the still high level of large families.