Articles with tag: «mortality»

    Population and healthcare
  • 2018 № 5 Nosological structure of mortality from diseases of the circulatory system of the population in three age groups of the population of the Russian Federation

    The article discusses the influence of errors in coding the causes of death and the inadequate filling of death certificates on the statistics of mortality from circulatory system diseases. Using the example of the ABC-anal¬ysis of the nosological structure of mortality in the Russian Federation from the circulatory system diseases in three age groups in 2014, the possibility of using this approach to optimize prevention and treatment programs to reduce mortality from this pathology is being considered

    Authors: Samorodskaya I. V. [7] Boytsov S. A. [7] Semenov V. Yu. [3] Starinskaya M.  A. [1]

    Tags: causes of mortality1 circulatory system diseases1 mortality10 mortality age structure1

    Read more >

  • Management in healthcare
  • 2018 № 4 Multivariate statistical analysis by the example of transport accidents

    Modern methods of multivariate analysis allow to perform in-depth analysis on statistical data. The proposed method of multivariate analysis examines the formation of the array using the algorithm of generalized assessment of health indicators. It is possible to build and further analyze a mathematical model using an algebraic model of constructive logic. Using the proposed method, the analysis of mortality in the result of accidents in transport. This allows you to rank indicators lethality in the regions of the country and highlight the most problematic regions. The partial significance of the analyzed factors is shown. It provides analytical approach to the epidemiology of mortality in transport in different regions of the country

    Authors: Khromushin V. A [1] Lastovetsky A. G. [1] Kitanina K. Yu [1] Ayvazyan A. G. [1]

    Tags: analysis2 health indicators1 mathematical model1 mortality10

    Read more >

  • Management in health care
  • 2014 № 6 Problems of evaluation and interpretation of indicators of morbidity, morality and disability from diseases of the circulatory system (Federal State Budgetary Institution <State Research Center for Preventive Medicine under the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation>, Moscow, Russia; South Ural State Medical University under the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Chelyabinsk, Russia)

    The article examines the differences in the approaches to their assessment of morbidity, mortality and disability caused by diseases of the circulatory system (SBR). On mortality from BSK affect coding errors and selecting the cause of death, the lowest frequency of autopsies on the background of high mortality outside hospitals. Indicators of overall morbidity due to peculiarities of the collection of statistical information is significantly more than the population , while the actual number of sick people is unknown. On disability rates have a significant impact not only and not so much the degree of violation of physical state as psychological characteristics and evaluation of subjective perception of disease by patients and physicians; social factors, regulatory documents. These factors lead to the problems of comparing mortality, morbidity and disability between the Russian Federation and other countries, and between regions of the Russian Federation, the complexity of the information support for management decision-making in health and health care organization.

    Authors: Samorodskaya I. V. [7] Boytsov S. A. [7] Vatolina M. A. [2] Efros L. A. [3]

    Tags: alzheimer's disease1 cardiovascular disease4 daly2 disability3 disease3 mortality10 years of life lost1 yld1

    Read more >

  • 2015 № 5 Risk factor for mortality from cardiovascular diseases: the expert estimation doctors of various specialties

    No statistically significant differences in the average score evaluation by physicians of different specialties of each indicator (p > 0,05 for each item). Average effect on mortality from cardiovascular diseases comorbid somatic pathology according to the doctors is 3,5±1,5, and more than a third of experts evaluated the contribution of comorbid somatic pathology in maximum 5 points. Average impact of comorbid psychopathology — 2,7±1,4; comorbid diseases caused by alcohol and drug use — 3,5±1,5; failure to doctor's recommendations — 4±1,3; ignorance of the major risk factors for the Ivory Coast, or the rejection of their correction — 3,8±1,4; ignorance of the main manifestations (symptoms) of life-threatening diseases or complications requiring first aid and emergency medical services — 3,9±1,4. Almost 50% of specialists have put the maximum score in the answers to the last two questions. Аccording to doctors at the level of regional mortality from BSK is strongly influenced by physical and mental comorbid pathology, ignorance of the risk factors, symptoms and methods of providing emergency assistance in the Ivory Coast.

    Authors: Samorodskaya I. V. [7] Boytsov S. A. [7] Vatolina M. A. [2] Barbarash O. L. [1] Ovcharenko O. N. [1] Bykovskaja T. J. [1] Kovalenko T. N. [1]

    Tags: cardiovascular disease4 mortality10 risk factors2

    Read more >

  • 2016 № 7 Problems of formation of health of mothers and their offspring in modern Russia

    The article presents the morbidity and mortality of mothers and newborns in Russia for the years 2013‑2014‑2015 a growth of negative phenomena in the vital signs of women’s and children’s organisms, evidence of systemic violations of their health (the formation of the fetal-placental complex, the implementation of compensatory protective mechanisms of women and development of the fetus). In order to optimize demographic processes, the preservation of life and health of women and newborn offspring, you must consider the trends and direct the efforts and funds to maintain the social status of the family and women’s health before and during pregnancy.

    Authors: Nizamova E. R. [5] Tsybul’skaya I. S. [2]

    Tags: biological and social risk1 fertility1 fetus development1 lethality1 morbidity6 mortality10 mother2 offspring1 placenta1

    Read more >

  • 2017 № 1 Basic trends of mortality from external causeson the territory of the Russian Federation

    Annotation. The analysis of the statistics of the Russian Federation, the mortality rate as a whole, as well as by federal districts and subjects for the period 1990–2015 years. It was revealed that the death rate from external causes has specific regional characteristics, and its level in some subjects of the Russian Federation remains at extremely high values. Over the period 2011–2015 there is a noticeable slowdown to reduce mortality from external causes, which highlights the need for the development and adoption of organizational measures with the involvement of the health authorities and other agencies of the Russian Federation.

    Authors: Shishkin E. V. [3] Markina A. U. [1]

    Tags: external causes2 mortality10 preventable deaths1

    Read more >

  • 2013 № 12 The analysis of regional features of mortality from diseases of system of blood circulation for an assessment of efficiency of programs of health care (Research Institute for Complex Problems of Cardiovascular Diseases, SB RAMS, Kemerovo, Russia)

    Annotation. Analysis results of mortality of the population of the Kemerovo region are given in article from diseases of system of blood circulation and its two main forms: coronary heart disease and cerebrovascular diseases in the period of 2000–2011. For the purpose of separation of regional features the assessment of probability of death by calculation of the odds ratio and creation of their trends was carried out. Results of research testify that implementation of regional and federal programs on lowering of mortality from diseases of system of blood circulation allowed to achieve certain successes in improving of a demographic situation in Kuzbass. It concerns first of rates of mortality from diseases of system of blood circulation as a whole and from coronary heart disease.

    Authors: Artamonova G. V. [4] Cherkass N. V. [2] Barbarash L. S. [3] Maksimov S. A. [1]

    Tags: diseases of system of blood circulation1 efficiency9 health care program1 mortality10

    Read more >

  • Economics of health
  • 2016 № 7 Analysis of mortality rates in the groups of regions with different levels of socio-economic development

    The article compares the mortality rates in the 2 groups of Russian regions that differ in terms of socioeconomic development. Material and methods. The division of regions into 2 groups performed on the basis of the rating of socio-economic situation of the regions, developed by the Rating agency «RIA Rating», included in the media holding «Russia Today» (RIA Rating, 2015). We analyzed standardized mortality rates (the whole population, men, women), age-specific death rates in subgroups of 20–39 years, 40–59let, 60–69 years: a) from all causes; b) from causes related to alcohol and drugs; c) from external causes; g) from a group of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The authors conclude that there are significant differences in mortality between the two groups of regions.

    Authors: Tret’yakov V. V. [1] Samorodskaya I. V. [7] Boytsov S. A. [7]

    Tags: mortality10 socio-economic development of regions1

    Read more >

  • Demography
  • 2014 № 5 Age- and sex- mortality and years of life lost (YLL) in Russia in 2012 (Federal State Budgetary Institution «Center for Preventive Medicine under the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation», Moscow, the Russian Federation)

    There is given a valuation of age-sex differences in Russian Federation. There is definied the number of years of life lost as a result of premature mortality in the subjects of Russian Federation. Minimal mortality indexes among male population are marked in the age of 11 years old (25,4 per 100 thousand), among female population at the age of 10 (18,2 per 100 thousand). The maximum differences in indexes of mortality are marked in the age group of 20–29 years old (314,5 per 100 thousand men against 92,3 per 100 thousand women). Quantity of men died before reaching the age of 70 years among men — 63,2%,among women — 29,9%. Total quantity of lost lives due to premature mortality in Russian Federation is estimated in 36 864 309, among them 24 321 992 (65,9%) as a result of men's mortality and 12 542 317 (34,1%) among women. All subjects of Russian Federation demonstrate higher indexes of lost lives than in other economically developed countries. The highest percentage of lost lives due to premature mortality (before 70 years old) is noticed among men in the areas of Siberia and Far East.

    Authors: Samorodskaya I. V. [7] Boytsov S. A. [7]

    Tags: mortality10 years of life lost (yll)1

    Read more >

  • Demographics
  • 2014 № 11 Data on the number of homeless and neglected minors, placed in medical-preventative organizations in 2013 over time from 2009 to 2013 years (Federal Research Institute for Health Care Organization and Information of the Ministry of Health and Social Development of Russian Federation, Moscow)

    There is presented data on the number of homeless and neglected minors, placed in medical-preventative organizations in 2013 over time from 2009 to2013 years. There was analyzed it's morbidity (including socially associated diseses) in Russia as a whole and in constituent members of the Federation. Moreover, there are analyzed outcomes of their stay in stationaries, frequency of mortality outcomes by territories. There has been stated an increase in growth of morbidity among homeless children infected with such diseases as tuberculosis, HIV as well as infractions and toxications.

    Authors: Leonov S. A. [13] Nizamova E. R. [5] Xibulskay I. S. [2]

    Tags: homeless children contingents1 morbidity6 mortality10 regions2 russia7

    Read more >