2018 № 8 Sanitary aviation in road accidents and its economic feasibility
Relevance: The organization of emergency medical advice, especially in road accidents is an important as¬pect in preserving the health and life of the victims. Purpose of the study: analysis of the frequency of road accidents and fatalities in the Vologda region for the period from 2006 to 2017. Material and methods: the data of medical documentation on the registration of road accidents and the provision of medical care in their presence. Results and discussion: a list of emergency medical care for road traffic incidents is defined by a number of Government Decrees and orders of the Ministry of Health at various levels. The number of dead children at the scene of the accident increased by 1 case, died at the prehospital stage and in the first seven days after admission was reduced to zero, in the period after hospitalization from 0 to 30 days decreased by 3 cases. Conclusions: during the analyzed peri¬od, the number of deaths in road accidents decreased by 34.0%, the number of deaths in the hospital for the first 7 days after hospitalization by 45.2%, from 0 to 30 days – by 46.3%. Mortality at the prehospital stage is 40.0%.
2018 № 9 Morbidity of adult population with acute cerebrovascular diseases and mortality from them
Relevance: the progress achieved in the treatment of stroke is now evident, but the prevalence of this pathology, both in Russia and throughout the world, remains at a high level. The aim of the study was to To analyze the incidence of adult cerebrovascular diseases in the adult population and mortality from them in the Russian Federation for the period from 2012 to 2016. Materials and methods: the incidence of acute cerebrovascular diseases among adults was based on data from a form of federal statistical observation. Statistical, analytical and descriptive methods of statistical analysis are used in the work. Results: the increase in the total incidence of acute cerebrovascular diseases among the population aged 18 and over is 13,6%. However, a 2,1% increase in deaths from intracerebral and intracranial hemorrhage was noted. Conclusion: an increase in the total incidence of acute cerebrovascular diseases among the population aged 18 years and older by 13.6% and deaths from intracerebral and intracranial hemorrhage by 2,1%. Against this background, the mortality of adults from acute cerebrovascular diseases decreases. In their structure of cerebrovascular diseases more