2017 № 6 Peculiarities of the morbidity of teenagers 15–17 years old in Russian Federation for the period 2000–2015
Adolescent population’s health determines the formation of the nation’s health for the future. Tendency of the general morbidity of adolescents in the dynamics for 2000–2015 in Russia is presented. For the period of study, a significant increase in the overall incidence of adolescents was revealed: from 1730 to 2193 cases per 1000 of the corresponding population (an increase of 26.8%). At the same time, the average annual growth for five-year periods (2000–2005–2010–2015) was 0.4; 5.1; and –0.2%, respectively. The growth trend is also traced for the incidence detected in adolescents for the first time in life: from 1046 to 1341 per 1000 of the respective population (by 28.2%), while the average annual growth over the five-year periods indicated above was 0.5; 5.5; –0.4, respectively. The study showed that the last 15 years were characterized by negative dynamics of the health indicators of the adolescent population. The share of diagnoses registered for the first time in life, from the total morbidity of children of 15–17 years in general for all diseases has not changed (61% in both 2000 and 2015 years), that indicates growth of both acute and chronic pathology in the population
2018 № 8 Base trend on number of Russian children (aged 0–14) require for medical supervision in 2000–2015 years
Growth of Russian children’s incidence is confirmed with many special researches. As has shown the anal¬ysis of Federal statistical observation (form No. 12) for 2000–2015 years, in Russia the number of children at the age of 0–14 years require for medical supervision has grown from 302,6 to 309,0 cases for 1000 per population of the corresponding age (2,1%). The highest increase took place on classes: new growths (105,3%), congenital anomalies (malformations) (63,0%), injuries, poisonings, etc. (56,3%). Decrease in number of the children (0–14 years) require for medical supervision is noted on the following classes: pregnancy, childbirth and postnatal period (–70,0%), separate conditions of the perinatal period (–60,6%), some infectious and parasitic diseases (–59,5%), mental disorders and disorders of behavior (–43,1%). The balance of number of the studied group of children for 2015 year is 6,1% at the expense of bigger number registered (55,3%), in comparison with number of struck off the register (49,2%). At the same time the maximum plus balance was observed on the following classes of diseases: separate conditions of the perinatal period (46,5%), injuries, poisonings, etc. (80,0%), diseases of respiratory organs (21,3). The minus balance of number is noted on classes: some infectious and parasitic diseases (–11,6%), mental disorders and disorders of behavior (–2,4%). The number of children require for medical supervision in Russia for the studied period has grown. As soon as, the health of children and teenagers defines health of future nation, its preservation is an important task, which real¬ization demands development of measures for treatment of diseases of this contingent, and, above all – holding preventive actions with definition of their address introduction (school, the house, healthcare institutions).