The analysis of the application possibilities of public-private partnership in the creation of infrastructural base for medical rehabilitation of patients after surgical treatment of congenital heart defects. Described the main normative legal acts regulating the medical rehabilitation and public-private partnership in Russia. Offered some new ways of solving problems of public-private partnership in the system of national health care. The essence of the proposed solutions is the ability to attract pension funds as investors for infrastructure development of new rehabilitation centers for children with congenital heart disease. The author's opinion is not unconditional. In this paper an attempt is made one more look at the possibility of using public-private partnerships in health care.