Healthcare in developed countries becomes the most productive and cited field of the world science. However little is known about innovative processes in the non-market oriented areas including medicine. This article deals with funding and managing research and development in medicine in foreign countries. The authors show that innovations in healthcare are the major focus of interest of foreign governments seeking for balance between cost-containment, quality and access to health care. Healthcare innovations assessment is necessarily accompanied with the expert evaluation of efficacy and safety of health technologies delivered by designated institutions. International policy analysis confirms that the search for the most effective management in organization and funding of healthcare research is of high priority in the world.