2016 № 2 Development of a technical field of the «bio-sensory e-health systems» through the prism of a patent analysis
The article presents the results of the multi-criteria patent analysis, which describes certain features of the development of the technological field of the «bio-sensory devices for measuring physiological indexes» at its current stage. The article notes that suggested technical solutions are characterized by multidisciplinary features and by a stable in-line growth of patent activity in the past two decades. An absolute technological leader in this field is the United States, however, in the period between 2010 and 2015 a rapidly growing number of patents were granted to Chinese residents. The article demonstrates that citizens of Russian Federation exhibit a considerably lower, compared to other countries, productive activity in the area of bio-sensory devices. The Russian patent landscape in this industrial area is characterized by stagnation of patent activity in the period of 2014–2015, by an insignificant number of patent documents released overseas and by the absolute absence of triad patent communities. The conclusion is made that domestic capacities in this area are noncompetitive which should be considered when choosing scientific-technological priorities of the country.
2020 № 2 Artificial intelligence technologies in medicine and healthcare: Russia’s position on the global patent and publication landscape
An overview of public policy measures aimed at the development of artificial intelligence (AI) technologies in the world and in Russia is presented. In order to evaluate the competitiveness of domestic developments created for the use of AI technologies in medicine and healthcare, a scientometric and patent analysis of the direction for the period 2010–2019 was performed. Based on the analysis of research fronts using the Essential science indicators methodology, the most promising research strategies have been identified. It is shown that on the global publishing landscape, Russia occupies the 27th position in the world by the number of publications devoted to the use of AI in healthcare: Russian researchers account for less than 1% of publications indexed in the Web of science. To enter the top 5 countries in terms of publication activity in this thematic cluster, Russia needs to increase the number of publications by more than 6 times. Of the 16 companies in whose publications the participation of Russian authors are indicated, 13 are foreign. In General, only 14% of publications in the thematic category “Computer science, artificial intelligence” were made in collaboration with the industrial sector. In the landscape formed by patent documents that protect technical solutions in the field of AI in medicine, Russia takes positions that do not confirm its intention to fight for promising markets for goods and services created on the basis of these technologies. In the field of medical AI developments, the number of Russian patents issued to non-residents of the country significantly exceeds the number of holders of domestic patents. Only 12 patents of Russian developers оn AI technologies for healthcare issued by foreign patent offices were found.